cotton and its application in real life. However, a small portion of the reviewhas been allocated to discourse the history and growth process of cotton.What is more, this literature survey aims to collect work of different peopleat one point so that reader could grasp the elementary and interested factsabout cotton fiber.
1.2History of Cotton Fiber
Fiber refers to a fibrous material which is found in natural and man-madeform. This term is used widely for a wide variety of fibers (Fritz, 2008).Hearle (2008) quoted the definition of fiber coined by The Textile Institute.It says that, “Fibers as units of matter characterized by flexibility, fineness,and high ratio of length to width”. There are many studies conducted toestimate the time when human being first time used cotton fiber. Literature provides many evidences about the use of cotton and to some extent agreedtime is 3000 BC. Generally it is believed that history of cotton is as old asthe history of human being. Nevertheless, many more fibers occurringnaturally are also in use since centuries. However, cotton has a distinctionamong fibers due to numerous reasons. Particularly, its softness, absorbency,luster, strength and wearing comfort have contributed a lot to make it mostliked and used fibers since ancient times. Even, today cotton has 40%apportion in total fiber consumption in the world (Hsieh, 2007).Cotton growing started in several parts of the world. Literature providesevidence that Neil Valley, India and Peru are some of the areas, where people were cultivating cotton in ancient times (Myers, 1999). It is manifestfrom the fiber consumption pattern of the world, that cotton share has adownward trend. It is mainly due to the availability of synthetic and man-made fibers having many distinct qualities. Myers (1999) argues that cottonis more primal for economies of developing countries as compared todeveloped countries. Developed countries are more in man-made fibers ascompared to under developing countries due to level of technology andvolume of capital required for man-made fibers. Whereas, cotton cultivation