Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Qiyām

Qiyām

Ratings: (0)|Views: 20|Likes:
Published by faisal.noori5932

More info:

Published by: faisal.noori5932 on Apr 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/04/2010

pdf

text

original

 
Qiyām
 
Definition: According to Urdu lexicographers the term is
 Qiyām 
is understood to mean: standing erect in
salāh. The essential element of a valid
 Qiyām 
is to stand erect in such a way that if the hands arestretched they should not reach up to the knee. The perfect
 Qiyām 
would be standing totally erect. The duration of 
 Qiyām 
and
 Qirā’at 
are the same. If the category of 
 Qirā’at 
belongs to Fardh, W 
ā
jib, or Sunnah then the same category applies to
 Qiyām 
.
1
  Above decree is for all
rak’ahs
except the first. In the first
rak’ah
,
Takbīr 
-e Tahr 
ī 
ma 
is aconstituent of a fardh component of 
 Qiyām 
while
Ŝ 
an 
ā 
,
Ta 
’ 
aw 
ū 
and
Tasm 
ī 
 yah 
are considered asSunnah components of 
 Qiyām 
.How must one stand in
 Qiyām 
?In
 Qiyām 
, men should place their right hand over the left, below the umbilicus and encircle theright thumb over the left wrist and the remaining three fingers of the right hand should be placedon the dorsal aspect of the left wrist.
2
 
Fardh 
element:
 Qiyām 
is fardh [obligator
y] in all forms of salāh
3
, aside from
nawafil 
. If these sal
ā
hs are offered ina sitting position without a valid reason then the
salāh
will be rendered invalid.
4
 Sunnah element:
Imām Abū Hanīfa
rahīmullah 
has said that it is Sunnah to keep a four-finger space between bothlegs during 
 Qiyām 
.
5
 It is also Sunnah to keep the body weight on either leg, one by one.
6
 Mustahab element:It is
mustahab 
[desirable] to keep eyesight at the place of 
Sajdah 
in
 Qiyām 
.
7
 Makruh element:It is
makrūh tanzīhī 
 
to oscillate one’s body during 
 Qiyām 
.
8
 It is
makrūh tahreemī 
to do
 Qiyām 
on one leg, however if there is a valid reason then one may doso.
9
 
 Qiyām 
for sick and aged personsIf one is able to stand up even for a while, then it becomes obligatory to perform the
Tak
bīr 
-e 
Tahrīma 
 
 whilst standing and then one may sit down and complete his
salāh
.
10
 
1
Im
ā
m al-Haskaf 
 ī 
,
Durr al-Mukht 
ā 
 Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bah 
ā 
r-e Shar 
ī’ā 
, vol. 1, Part 3, pp. 37. Mumtaz Academy, Lahore
2
 
Ghunyah Sharh Munyah 
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 3, pp. 46
3
Fardh,
wit 
’ 
, Eid and Sunnah of Fajr
salāh
 
4
Im
ā
m al-Haskaf 
 ī 
,
Durr al-Mukht 
ā 
Im
ā
m Ibn
 Abidīn
 
Shāmī 
,
Radd al-Muht 
ā 
 
5
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 3, pp. 51
6
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 1, pp. 448
7
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bahār 
-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 
8
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bahār 
-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 ,
vol. 3, pp. 173
9
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bahār 
-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 ,
 vol. 1, Part 3, pp. 37. Mumtaz Academy, Lahore
 
It is very common today that if one is slightly weak, ill or aged then he often prays
salāh
in asitting position from the beginning of the
salāh
. However the majority of people doing so are very capable of performing 
salāh
in a standing position and doing so will not increase their illnessor affect their ability to stand. Such individuals are generally found indulging in worldly affairs whilst standing; and they must be told that it is obligatory for them to offer
salāh
in a standing position.
11
 If a person is sick or weak but is able to stand with the support of a stick [ 
as 
ā 
 ], wall or servantthen it is obligatory for him to offer
salāh
in a standing position with the support.
12
 If one is able to stand, but there is a definite/known risk of bursting abscess in doing 
Sajdah 
 then,
salāh
may be offered in a sitting or standing position with sign [symbolic performance] of 
Sajdah 
.
13
 If one goes to the mosque for congregational
salāh
and is unable to stand up erect due to weakness, on the contrary if he prays the
salāh
at home and is able to stand thereafter, then, heshould pray 
salāh
at home. It is better if he prays in congregational
salāh
at home, otherwise heshould offer it alone.
14
 If urine drips whilst in a standing position, but stops in a sitting position, then it is obligatory forone to offer
salāh
in a sitting position.
15
 
Salāh
in a sitting positionSupererogatory [ 
nawafil 
 ]
salāh
can be offered in a sitting position even though one is able tostand. It is in a
Hadīth
that,
salāh
offered in a sitting position carries half the reward of a
salāh
 offered in a standing position.
16
However, there will be no reduction of blessings if 
salāh
isoffered in a sitting position due to a valid reason. It is customary in
today’s
day and age to offersupererogatory 
salāh
in a sitting position and many feel pleased in doing so, however this attitudeis wrong. It is better to offer supererogatory 
salāh
in a standing position and the blessings will bedoubled in doing so. Thus, supererogatory 
salāh
offered in a sitting position without a duereason is permissible but the blessings shall be halved to one performing in a standing position.
17
  The Beloved Prophet
şallAllāhu 
álayhi wa sallam 
offered
salāh
in a sitting position and said,I am not similar to you; my blessing is the same whether I offer
salāh
in a sitting orstanding position.
10
 
Ghunyah Sharh Munyah 
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 3, pp. 52
11
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 3, pp. 53 & 424
12
Ghunyah Sharh Munyah 
 
Imām Ahmad Rida al
-
Qadrī,
al- 
 Atāya Nabawīyyah Fil Fatāwah Ridhwīyyah 
, Vol. 3, pp. 53Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bahār 
-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 ,
 vol. 1, Part 3, pp. 37. Mumtaz Academy, Lahore
13
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bahār 
-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 ,
vol. 3, pp. 69
14
Im
ā
m al-Haskaf 
 ī 
,
Durr al-Mukht 
ā 
Im
ā
m Ibn
 Abidīn
 
Shāmī 
,
Radd al-Muht 
ā 
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bah 
ā 
r-e Shar 
ī’ā 
, vol. 1, Part 3, pp. 37. Mumtaz Academy, Lahore
15
Im
ā
m al-Haskaf 
 ī 
,
Durr al-Mukht 
ā 
Im
ā
m Ibn
 Abidīn
 
Shāmī 
,
Radd al-Muht 
ā 
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bah 
ā 
r-e Shar 
ī’ā 
, vol. 1, Part 3, pp. 37. Mumtaz Academy, Lahore
16
The Beloved Prophet
şallAllāhu 
álayhi wa sallam 
said,Someone who prays sitting down has only half the reward of someone standing.Recorded by Im
ā
m al-
Bukharī 
in
as- 
Sahīh 
,
Hadīth
1065 on the authority of 
Imran bin Husayn
rađiyAllāhu 
ánhu 
.
17
Im
ā
m al-Haskaf 
 ī 
,
Durr al-Mukht 
ā 
Im
ā
m Ibn
 Abidīn
 
Shāmī 
,
Radd al-Muht 
ā 
Sadr as-Shar
 ī’ā
,
Bah 
ā 
r-e Shar 
ī’ā 
 

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->