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Vlsi Design Flow

Vlsi Design Flow

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Published by Kulwant Nagi

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Published by: Kulwant Nagi on Apr 25, 2010
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04/25/2010

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Seminar Report on
VLSI DESIGNFLOW
Submitted By:
 
Kulwant NagiRoll No.06EL319
VLSI DESIGN FLOW
Historical Perspective
The electronics industry has achieved a phenomenal growth over the last two decades, mainly due tothe rapid advances in integration technologies, large-scale systems design - in short, due to theadvent of VLSI. The number of applications of integrated circuits in high-performance computing,telecommunications, and consumer electronics has been rising steadily, and at a very fast pace.Typically, the required computational power (or, in other words, the intelligence) of theseapplications is the driving force for the fast development of this field. Figure 1.1 gives an overviewof the prominent trends in information technologies over the next few decades. The current leading-edge technologies (such as low bit-rate video and cellular communications) already provide the end-users a certain amount of processing power and portability. This trend is expected to continue, withvery important implications on VLSI and systems design. One of the most important characteristicsof information services is their increasing need for very high processing power and bandwidth (inorder to handle real-time video, for example). The other important characteristic is that theinformation services tend to become more and more personalized (as opposed to collective servicessuch as broadcasting), which means that the devices must be more intelligent to answer individualdemands, and at the same time they must be portable to allow more flexibility/mobility.
VLSI Design Flow
 
System Specification
Functional/Architecture Design
Logic Design/Synthesis (Translation, Mapping and Placement & Routing)
Circuit Design
Physical/Layout Design
Fabrication
Packaging
The design process, at various levels, is usually evolutionary in nature. It starts with a given set of requirements. Initial design is developed and tested against the requirements. When requirements arenot met, the design has to be improved. If such improvement is either not possible or too costly, thenthe revision of requirements and its impact analysis must be considered. The Y-chart shown in Figillustrates a design flow for most logic chips, using design activities on three different axes(domains) which resemble the letter Y.

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