discordance with it, going as far as to support the quest for freedom of the colonized. Whileserving to alienate them from the other colonizers, their actions are largely meaningless from the perspective of the colonized, who continue to group them with other colonizers and show nointention of advancing leftist doctrines once liberated, to the disillusionment of the left-wingerswho then abandon their cause.According to Memmi, the options thus remaining to bring about the end of colonialism are either assimilation of the colonized or revolt. Assimilation can never occur because inherent in it is theoverthrow of the colonial status quo, and as such it will never be tolerated by colonizers.Subsequently, the only tool left to the colonized is to reclaim their liberty by force.Finally, Memmi addresses the process of post-colonial reconstruction, most fundamental towhich is the re-establishment of a cohesive societal structure through such means as thereinstatement of the local language, the disbandment of social institutions created by thecolonizers, and a focus on nationalism and devout religious following.
Internal Evaluation and Critique
Memmi’s approach is based almost entirely on induction, using psychoanalysis to explore theactions of the two groups, and relying heavily on personal experience and observation, asopposed to concrete contemporary or historical examples. As such, the point of greatestcontention regards the external validity of his observations, which he generalizes universally toall people falling within the category of ‘colonizer’ or ‘colonized’. In his preface, which he usesas a tool to counter the main criticisms that can be brought against his methodology, the author