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Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers

# Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers

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08/05/2010

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LESSON TWO:LESSON TWO:LESSON TWO:LESSON TWO:LESSON TWO:NUMBERS - LOS NÚMEROSNUMBERS - LOS MEROSNUMBERS - LOS NÚMEROSNUMBERS - LOS MEROSNUMBERS - LOS MEROS
Objectives
1)Identify and recognize numbers 1 to 100.
Identificar y reconocer números del 1 al 100.
2)Talk about special dates using ordinal numbers.
Hablar sobre fechas especiales usando números ordinals.
3)Identify numbers said rapidly.
Identificar números dichos rápidamente.
Materials
Two sets of numbers written on index cards in different colors for tens and digits (seeActivity 1)
2 poles and a clothesline (see Activity 1)
Index cards with the spellings of cardinal and ordinal numbers (e.g., one, first, two,second, etc.)
Big grid indicating the days of the month
Additional Materials: Magazines with horoscope, number bingo
Warm-up
Ask students questions such as the following:a) How many people are in your family?b) How many hours are there in the day? Days in a week/month?
1) The Numbers
a) Display the following chart with numbers on a board or use poles and a clotheslinewith numbers attached to them. You could have the vertical numbers in red and thehorizontal numbers in black. Point to the numbers on the horizontal line and havestudents repeat. Then point to different numbers and have students identify them.b) Point to a number 1 on the vertical line and number 0 on the horizontal line and ask students to identify the number. Continue doing this until students can quicklyidentify all the numbers up to 99. To go beyond 99, you could line up numbers in adifferent color on another pole.

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c) For reading practice, you can tape index cards with the spellings of cardinal and ordinal numbers to the numbers on the clothesline.d) If necessary refer students to the vocabulary list shown below for them to recognizethe numbers in both English and Spanish. Students may also look at the Spanishtranslation on their own.e) Ask students to count objects around them. (e.g. trees, people, tables, etc.)
Vocabulary: Numbers - Los númerosNumbersLos númerosOne
Uno
Two
Dos
Three
Tres
Four
Cuatro
Five
Cinco
Six
Seis
Seven
Siete
Eight
Ocho
Nine
Nueve
Ten
Diez
Eleven
Once
Twelve
Doce
Thirteen
Trece
Fourteen
Catorce
Fifteen
Quince
Sixteen
Dieciséis
Seventeen
Diecisiete
Eighteen
Dieciocho
Nineteen
Diecinueve
Twenty
Veinte
Twenty one
veintiuno
Thirty
Treinta
Forty
Cuarenta
Fifty
Cincuenta
Sixty
Sesenta
Seventy
Setenta
Eighty
Ochenta
Ninety
Noventa
One hundred
Cien
One thousand
Mil

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h) Help students with the pronunciation of certain numbers. Point out the syllablestress difference between:
13vs.3014vs.4018vs.8019vs.90
2) Calendars and Ordinal Numbers
a) Display a grid with days of the month and have index cards with different ordinalnumbers on the desk. Point to the different days of the month and put the ordinalnumbers where they correspond.b) Ask a question to line up students (i.e. oldest, biggest family, most hours worked,etc.) Count the students and have them say their order (i.e. first, second…). Alternatively,arrange people alphabetically by first name or last name.c) Introduce dates: today, yesterday, tomorrow, and year, and go over the months onthe big grid.d) Ask students about their birthdays by saying, “My birthday is on…” "When is your birthday?” If you want to practice more numbers, ask the year of birth if appropriate.
Extension Activities
1) Self-introduction
Hello, my name is Julio Alvarez. I am 21 years old. I was born on September 10
th
,1982. There are 5 people in my family. My sister, Adriana, is 12 years old. Herbirthday is on July 6
th
, 1991.
b) Have students do their own self-introduction using numbers.
Hello, my name is ____________________. I am _____________ years old. I wasborn on ____________________. There are ____________ people in my family. My___________________ is ______________________ years on. His/her birthday ison __________________________.2) Numbers. (
Must provide pen and paper
).
a) Obtain the birth dates of the students from the previous exercise and read severalbirthdates with years at a brisk pace in English. Have students write the dates and say whose birthday it is. Alternatively, do similar activities with other dates and/or phone numbers.b) Refer the students to the Note below.