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Sept Oct2008

Sept Oct2008

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Published by: Chalcedon Foundation on Apr 26, 2010
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Publisher & Chalcedon President
Rev. Mark R. Rushdoony
Chalcedon Vice-President
Martin Selbrede
Editor
Rev. Christopher J. Ortiz
Managing Editor
Susan Burns
Contributing Editors
Lee DuigonKathy Leonard
Chalcedon Founder
Rev. R. J. Rushdoony(1916-2001)was the founder of Chalcedonand a leading theologian, church/state expert, and author of numer-ous works on the application of Biblical Law to society.
Receiving
Faith for All of Life:
Thismagazine will be sent to those whorequest it. At least once a year we ask that you return a response card if youwish to remain on the mailing list.Contributors are kept on our mailinglist.
Suggested Donation:
$35 peryear ($45 for all foreign — U.S. fundsonly). Tax-deductible contributionsmay be made out to Chalcedon andmailed to P.O. Box 158, Vallecito, CA95251 USA.Chalcedon may want to contact itsreaders quickly by means of e-mail.If you have an e-mail address, pleasesend an e-mail message includingyour full postal address to our office:chalcedon@att.net.
For circulation and datamanagement contact RebeccaRouse at (209) 736-4365 ext. 10or chalcedon@att.net
Faith for All of Life
Sept/Oct 2008
Faith for All of Life,
published bi-monthly by Chalcedon, a tax-exempt Christian foundation, is sent to all who requestit. All editorial correspondence should be sent to the managing editor, P.O. Box 569, Cedar Bluff, VA 24609-0569.Laser-print hard copy and electronic disk submissions firmly encouraged. All submissions subject to editorial revi-sion. Email: susan@chalcedon.edu. The editors are not responsible for the return of unsolicited manuscripts whichbecome the property of Chalcedon unless other arrangements are made. Opinions expressed in this magazinedo not necessarily reflect the views of Chalcedon. It provides a forum for views in accord with a relevant, active,historic Christianity, though those views may on occasion differ somewhat from Chalcedon’s and from each other.Chalcedon depends on the contributions of its readers, and all gifts to Chalcedon are tax-deductible. ©2008Chalcedon. All rights reserved. Permission to reprint granted on written request only. Editorial Board: Rev. Mark R. Rushdoony, President/Editor-in-Chief; Chris Ortiz, Editor; Susan Burns, Managing Editor and Executive Assistant.Chalcedon, P.O. Box 158, Vallecito, CA 95251, Telephone Circulation (9:00a.m. - 5:00p.m., Pacific): (209) 736-4365 orFax (209) 736-0536; email: chaloffi@goldrush.com; www.chalcedon.edu; Circulation:Rebecca Rouse.
Editorials
2
 
From the Founder
Taxation
7
 
From the President
God’s Salvation and Our Worldview
Features
10
 
God’s Story or ChristianDominion: The Ancient Secreto the Wheat and the Tares
Christopher J. Ortiz 
20
 
C.R.A.Christian ReconstructiveAnalysis
Eugene C. Newman
24
 
The ProblemThat Chalcedon Poses
Martin G. Selbrede 
Columns
15
 
“What Law Shall Go Forth”Christian Lawyers as Activists
Jerri Ward 
17
 
Taking Homeschool to theNext Level: Equipping Parentsor Kingdom Advancement
Andrea Schwartz 
Products
33
Catalog Insert
 
2
Faith for All of Life |
September/October 2008 www.chalcedon.edu
O
ne o the mostprevalent o mythsis that vast propertiesacross the land escapetaxation because they are church-owned.The tales are endlessly repeated as act:church-owned businesses, arms, andproperties which by subteruge areremoved rom the tax roles. As one critico tax exemption or churches said,ominously, a ew days ago: “Nobody knows just how extensive this kind o thing is.” The act is that any and every business activity, whether privately,corporately, or church-owned, is taxed,and the taxmen are eager always to erretout and tax new sources o revenue. I any such activity is untaxed, we can besure o this: it is, like Jim Jones’ PeoplesChurch, a tacitly established “church,”receiving state or ederal unds, andserving some statist purpose. It is nottrue o legitimate churches.There are, o course, vast untaxedlands, as much as 90 percent in at leastone western state. These lands are otenexploited. In at least one state, one o the country’s most powerul publisherslong had, and may still have, very exten-sive grazing rights therein, while owningvery little land himsel; he is thus a cattlebaron at minimal cost. Small ranch-ers get no such preerential treatment.These vast untaxed lands are ederal andstate lands. The myth holds that only such lands as the civil government holdscan be protected rom exploitation andabuse. The act is that the much-abusedlumber “barons” take ar better care o the orests they own than do the ederalor state governments; i they did not,they would soon be out o business.
Taxation
R. J. Rushdoony
From the Founder 
By what right is the state entitled tohold vast properties, and to hold themtax-exempt? The answer to this ques-tion is a religious one: we are told, “Thestate is sovereign,” i.e., the state is lord. Who made the state into a god or lord,and gave it the right to play sovereignover man? According to Scripture, “Theearth is the LORD’s, and the ulnessthereo; the world, and they that dwelltherein” (Ps. 24:1; Exod. 9:29; Job41:11; Ps. 50:12; 1 Cor. 10:26, etc.).On this act rests God’s right
to govern,to legislate, and to tax 
. The Sovereign orLord is the source o government, law,and taxation. The prophecy concern-ing Christ was that “the governmentshall be upon his shoulder” (Isa. 9:6),and the most common title applied to Jesus in the New Testament is Lord, orSovereign.
The tithe is simply the cones-sion that the Lord is indeed our Lord 
. Thestate in Scripture is allowed only thehead tax, and no more (Exod. 30:11–16; see Arthur J. Zuckerman:
 A JewishPrincedom in Feudal France, 768–900 
,Columbia University Press, 1972, or alater history o this tax).
To reuse to tithe is to deny Christ’s lordship, government,and law
.For this reason, the early churchreused to pay taxes to Rome or any other power, or to allow any licensure,regulation, or control. The church asChrist’s realm cannot allow any otherpower to claim the right o legislation,taxation, and government over it. To doso is to deny the Lord.For this reason too, as the churchgained reedom rom persecution, itencouraged the accumulation o landand properties or Christ’s Kingdom;this included also the subjugation anddevelopment o new areas. The amounto land held by church agencies in themedieval era is commonly and greatly exaggerated; humanistic propagandacolors our picture o these proper-ties and greatly distorts it. The act isthat these properties were governingagencies. Their receipts or productionprovided or the care o the poor, orhealth services and hospitals, and oreducation. All the basic social services were thus cared or. When Henry VIII seized churchproperties and gave some o them to hishenchmen and used the rest to attenthe crown, one immediate result was asocial crisis. There was no longer any agency to care or the basic needs o society. Some years later, Thomas Lever,in his St. Paul’s sermons (1550), dealt with this problem. The rich had becomericher, and the poor had become desti-tute, because o the impropriations o church properties. Here was a strongPuritan attack on impropriations, anda remedy proposed shortly. A greatoutpouring o unds to set up ounda-tions and charities to revive what Henry VIII had ended soon ollowed. Quitenaturally, the Tudor divine rights weremilitantly hostile to his revival o “me-dievalism.” The Puritans, they elt, hadto be suppressed. (No accurate history o the Puritans can omit the impropria-tions issue.)By 1600, however, both the Reor-mation, and the Counter-Reormation,had been deeated and controlled by the monarchs o Europe. The monarchscould resume the course o pagan stat-ism, o the various medieval monarchs,and o the Holy Roman Empire, i.e.,the assertion o state sovereignty or lord-
 
 www.chalcedon.edu September/October 2008 |
Faith for All of Life 
3
Faith or All o Lie 
ship. With Hegel, the state was plainly dened as god walking on earth. Thepresent and working god o society hadbecome the state; the God o Scripture was exiled to heaven.The government, said the modernstate, is upon our shoulders; sovereignty is the prerogative o the state. The statealone is lord, and hence the taxing, gov-erning, and lawmaking power.In terms o this lordship, the statesaid, the earth is the state’s, and theullness thereo, the world and they thatdwell therein. Earlier, the papacy had,in Christ’s name, rightly or wrongly,divided the newly discovered continentsamong the nations. Now the nationsclaimed the earth or themselves. Previ-ously, it had been church lands that were tax-exempt; now, those lands weresteadily limited, and state lands gainedthe privileges o lordship.There was a very grave dierence,however. Church lands paid no taxes,but they provided a vast variety o socialservices. The lands were productive, andthey were usually productively used.These, together with tithes and oer-ings, provided a growing and importantgovernment or Christ’s people. True,there were abuses, but these were palecompared to current statist abuses. When Henry VIII seized church proper-ties, he justied it by indicting relics,and by charges o immorality leveledagainst the monks, more than a little o it invented. Not even Henry VIII coulddeny the validity o their charitable works and ministries.The states, having seized the churchlands, and the whole earth, ostensi-bly or the general welare, made nosuch use o these properties, exceptas national or state parks. Instead, itturned on the people, to tax them withever-increasing taxes, to take care o theneeds once provided or by the tithe andby church lands. Today, taxation hasbecome expropriation, and the greedy power state, owning most o the earth,hurls charges o special privilege againstthe meager church properties, almostexclusively limited now to churches andschools.To add insult to injury, the claim isnow openly and loudly made that taxexemption is a subsidy rom the state!Nothing could be a more fagrant andblasphemous lie. The confict withRome by the early church was over thisissue: who is the lord, Christ or Caesar?I Christ is the Lord, He cannot pay taxes to, or be controlled by, Caesar.The church ought or and gainedexemption rom taxation as a
paroikia
,a oreign power, an embassy o the Kingo kings. Christians are ambassadors o Christ (2 Cor. 5:20; Eph. 6:20). OurEnglish words
 parish
, and
 parochial 
,come rom
 paroikia
. The church is anembassy whose duty it is to conquer the whole world, and to make all nations,peoples, tribes, tongues, vocations, andareas o lie aspects o Christ’s parish.The embassy is under God’s sover-eignty, law, and taxation. The early church, as part o its mission, took inthe abandoned babies o the pagans.(I a woman could not, in those days,abort her baby successully, she had itabandoned at birth. In Rome, the babies were abandoned under the bridges, where wild dogs could speedily dis-pose o them. The Christians collectedthese abandoned babies, passed themaround among church members, andreared them in the aith, as a step in theChristian conquest.) Another aspect o the early churchs mission was the careo the sick, aged, and needy in its ownmidst, and, as ar as possible, amongtheir pagan neighbors. These ministries were resented by Rome, which regardedthem rightly as a orm o government.Rome saw the early church as arevolutionary and tax-dodging organiza-tion. Tax-dodging is, in the eyes o thestate, a most serious oense; money is the lieblood o the state, and, tothreaten the state’s source o taxes is tothreaten its lie. Everything was done todeame these “tax-dodgers”: they werecalled cannibals and sacricers o humanbeings. (The communion service, theslander held, involved eating the fesho the babies the Christians rescued,and drinking their blood.) They wereaccused o the sexual crimes which actu-ally marked the Romans. (The Chris-tians obviously loved one another, andthe Romans could not dissociate loverom lust, and they hence concludedthat sexual rites marked the lie o thechurch.) On and on the deamation went, seeking to discredit the churchand its work.Today we have the same process at work. The churches, we are told, arerich, and the pastors rolling in money.The act is that, in 1980, the averagepay o church pastors in the UnitedStates was $10,348 a year. (In 1976, ed-eral authorities called everything below $15,000 poverty.) Fourteen percent o all pastors earned less than $6,000 andhad to support themselves through oth-er jobs; only ve percent earned morethan $15,000. In the same year, truck drivers averaged $18,300, electricians$18,000, lawyers $25,000, and dentistsover $40,000. The “rich” clergy is not sorich! (Because many are provident andthrity, they are mistaken or rich be-cause they make a little go a long way.)But what o the rich television and radiopreachers?
Penthouse 
,
Playboy 
, and likepublications have been outspoken intheir attacks on all this “wealth.” Little issaid, however, o the high costs o suchcommunications, and the normally very careul use o all unds received. Theabusers are ew, and, as compared withmisuse o public unds by statist ocersand agencies, a comparative rarity.

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