McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) \u2013 The Court upheld the right of Congress to charter the Bank of the United States and declared that states could not tax the national bank. This reaffirmed the power of the federal government over the state governments.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837) \u2013 The Charles River Bridge had been built first, with the another company then being allowed to build the Warren Bridge in a site near the Charles River Bridge. The company owning the Charles River Bridge argued that allowing the Warren Bridge to be built was a violation of their contract because it would take business away from their bridge. The
no right to sue in a federal court because he was not a U.S. citizen, that Congress did not have the
power to deprive any person of property without due process of law (slaves are property), and since
Congress\u2019 Missouri Compromise excluded slavery (a form of holding property), the Missouri
Compromise was unconstitutional.
Ex Parte Milligan (1866) Ex Parte Milligan (1866) Ex Parte Milligan (1866)
\u2013 The Court ruled that Congress could not legislate against the racial
discrimination practiced by private citizens, which included railroads, hotels, and other businesses
used by the public.
\u2013 The Constitution does not follow the flag, or in other words, constitutional rights were not automatically extended to territorial possessions and the power to decide whether or not to grant such rights belonged to Congress.
\u2013 The monopoly formed by the Great Northern and Northern Pacific railways was broken up, with the ruling giving more power to the Sherman Antitrust Act.
was unconstitutional because it violated the \ue000ourteenth Amendment. The Court ruled that separate facilities are inherently unequal and constitutional and that segregation in the schools should end with all deliberate speed. This overruled Plessy v. \ue000erguson (1896).
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