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Religious Epistemology – Notes for Seminar

Religious Epistemology – Notes for Seminar

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Published by: jagelido on Apr 27, 2010
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05/12/2014

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The central problem of religious epistemology
 
reconciling faith with intellectual honesty.
 
Knowledge is justified true belief 
o
 
Condition of Correspondence
o
 
Condition of VerificationPosition
 A
: faith is expressive or emotive (e.g. R. B. Braithwaite)Position
 B
: faith is fideistic (e.g. S. Kierkegaard)Position
: faith is bipolar, evidential grounds are necessary but lacking (e.g. W. Pannenberg)Position
 E 
: traditional reading of faith (e.g. natural theology)1.
 
syllogistic, vertical argumentation (mode of premises and conclusions)2.
 
truth is propositionala.
 
correspondence theory = adequation of truth and reality b.
 
coherence theory = proposition logically consistent with other propositionswithin a belief systemc.
 
 pragmatic theory = truth is what worksPosition
 D
: rethinking religious epistemology1.
 
The character of the truth of faith is
excessivity
(cf. I.T. Ramsey’s disclosuremodel theory).2.
 
This character of excessivity contravenes the traditional laws of thoughta.
 
Law of Identity (A is A, but something more) b.
 
Law of Non-contradiction (tradition of negative theology, A and –A)c.
 
Law of the Excluded Middle (faith is eschatological, already-but-not-yet,hence the instantiation of a middle term, a
metaxu
).Faith and Event MetaphysicsFrom Being to BecomingFrom Substance to ProcessFrom Object to EventLuminaries include: Alfred North Whitehead, Isabelle Stengers, Gilles Deleuze, AlainBadiou, Claude Romano, etc.
Is thecognitivedimensionof religious belief essential?Is supportnecessary?Can reasons be given?Must they bea priori /a posteriori
YES
 
 NO
 
YES
 
YES
 
YES
 
 NO
 
 NO
 
 NO
 
 A B D E 
and/or inductive/deductive?
 
A. Modes of Event
 
Ad-venire
o
 
A coming into, an arrival, a landing of the other 
o
 
Transcendence
 
E-venire
o
 
Unfolding
o
 
ImmanenceB. Metaphysics of Event
 
Recuperating the category of relationality
 
Transformation understood as origamic (ontology of the folds)
 
Affirmation of the “already-but-not-yet”
 
Epistemology of the PromiseC. Basic Human Activity for Aristotle:
 
Theoria = contemplation of the truth
 
Praxis = action which is an end in itself 
 
Poiesis = action that produces somethingD. Corresponding Domain of Rationality
 
Theoria = speculative reason (sophia)
 
Praxis = practical reason (phronesis)
 
Poiesis = creative reason (?)E. Phantasia
 
Pejorative understanding:
o
 
Daydream
o
 
Illusory appearance
o
 
Whimsical notion
 
Phantasia as a possible intellectual virtue:
o
 
To picture to oneself 
o
 
To imagine
o
 
To show or to bring to light (phainein), related to phos (light)
o
 
To make visible or to make it appear (n.b. truth as unveiling)F. Imagination as Proposition
 
Condition of Correspondence (cf. Deleuze)Possible RealVirtual Actual
 
Condition of Verification
o
 
Fidelity (to the event)

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