odern submarine cables rely on propertyof pure glass fibers, whereby light istransmitted by internal reflection.
Because the light signal losses strength in theroute, repeaters are installed along the cableto boost the signal.
In 1956 :-first T
T initial had capacity of 36telephone calls at a time ,calls costing US$12for first 3 minutes.
Today each fiber pair within a cable has thecapacity to carry digitized information(including video)that is equivalent to150,000,000 simultaneous phone calls