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1
MEASUREMENT AND
UNITS & DIMENSIONS
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS

1. When a wave traverses a medium the displacement of a particle located at ‘x’ at a time ‘t isgiven by
( )
y=asinbt-cx
, where a, b, c are constants of the wave, which of the following is aquantity with dimensions ?
[EAMCET 2009 E]

1) y/a 2) bt 3) cx 4) b/c
Ans: 4Sol : 1.
yDisplacementL===NoaamplitudeL
dimensions.2. bt = No dimension. Since angle has no dimensions.3. cx = No dimensions. Since angle has no dimensions.4. Angle has no dimensions, according to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions.
-1
bxLbt=cx===LT=velocityctT
2. The energy
[ ]
E
, angular momentum
( )
L
and universal gravitational constant
( )
G
are chosen asfundamental quantities. The dimensions of universal gravitational constant in the dimensionalformula of planks constant
( )
h
is. [EAMCET 2008 E]1) 0 2) -1 3)
53
4) 1Ans: 1Sol : From the given problem
abc
h=ELG
Where a, b, c are constantsFrom the principle of homogeneity of dimensionsDimensions of
2-1
h=MLT
Dimensions of
2-2
E=MLT
Dimensions of
2-1
L=MLT
Dimensions of
-13-2
G=MLT

abc2-12-22-1-13-2
MLT=MLTMLTMLT
.................
1a+b-c
M=Ma+b-c=01
...................
22a+2b=3c
L=L2a+2b+3c=02

...............
-1-2a-b-2c
T=T-2a-b-2c=13
Solving 1, 2 & 3 we get c = 03. Some physics constants are given in List – I and their dimensional formula are given in List – II.Match the following:
[EAMCET 2007 E]
List I List II1) Planck’s constant i)
12
MLT

Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions
22) Gravitational constant ii)
11
MLT
3) Bulk modulus iii)
21
MLT
4) Coefficient of viscosity iv)
132
MLT
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
1) iv iii ii i 2) ii i iii iv3) iii ii i iv 4) iii iv i iiAns: 4Sol : 1. Plancks constant
2-22-1-1
EnergyMLT===MLTFrequencyT
2.

Gravitational constant
( )
2-13-212
FrG==MLTmm
3.

Bulk modulus
-1-2
BulkStressF/A===MLTdvVolumestrainv
4.

η

-2-1-1-12
MLT==MLTLTLL
2006 : 4. If C, R, L and I denote capacity, resistance, inductance and electric current respectively, thequantitates having the same dimensions of time are
[EAMCET 2006 E]
a) CR b) L/R c) LC d)
2
LI1) a and b only 2) a and c only 3) a and d only 4) a, b and c onlyAns: 4Sol : Dimensional formula of capacity
-1-242
=MLTA
Dimensional formula of Resistance
2-3-2
=MLTA
Dimensional formula of Inductance
2-2-2
=MLTA
Dimensional formula of Current
000
=MLTA
a.
( )( )
-1-2422-3-2
CR=MLTAMLTA

000
=MLTA=Time
b.
2-2-22-3-2
LMLTA==T=TimeRMLTA
c.
( )( )
2-2-2-1-242
LC=MLTAMLTA=T=Time
d.
22-2-222-2
LI=MLTAxA=MLT=energy

Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions
35. Names of units some physical quantities are given in List – I and their dimensional formulae aregiven in List II. Match the correct pairs in the lists
[EAMCET 2005 E]
List –I List IIa) Pa s (e)
221
LTK
b) Nm K
–1
(f)
31
MLTK
c)
11
JkgK
(g)
11
MLT
d)
11
WmK
(h)
221
MLTK

a b c d a b c d
1) h g e f 2) g f h e3) g e h f 4) g h e f Ans: 4Sol :
a.

Dimensional formula of Pa s =
[ ]
-1-2
MLTT
=
-1-1
MLT

b.

Dimensional formula of
[ ]
-1-2-1
Nm-k=MLTL
=
2-2-1
MLT

c.

Dimensional formula of
-1-1
Jkg
=
2-2-1-1
MLTM
=
2-2-1
LT

d.

Dimensional formula of
-1-12-3-1-1
Wmk=MLTL
=
-3-1
MLT
6. The position of a particle at time ‘t’ is given by the equation x(t) =
( )
At0
V1eA
V
0
= constant andA > 0. Dimension of V
0
and A respectively are
[EAMCET 2004 E]
1)
1
MLTandT
° °
2)
12
MLTandLT
°
3)
1
MLTandT
°
4)
11
MLTandT
°
Ans: 4Sol : Since exponential functions has no dimensions
000-1
AT=MLTA=T
According to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions
-100
Vx=V=xA=LTA