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Performance Factors For Power Plant

Performance Factors For Power Plant

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Published by mukeshmahbubani

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: mukeshmahbubani on Apr 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/09/2013

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The performance of a power plant can be expressed through some common performance factors as
heat rate (energy efficiency)
thermal efficiency
capacity factor 
load factor 
economic efficiency
operational efficiency
Heat Rate (Energy Efficiency)
Overall thermal performance or energy efficiency for a power plant for a period can be defined as
φ
hr 
= H / E (1)whereφ
hr 
 
= heat rate (Btu/kW, kJ/kW)H = heat supplied to the power plant for a period (Btu, kJ)E = energy output from the power plant in the period (kWh)
Thermal Efficiency
Thermal efficiency of a power plant can be expressed as
 μ 
te
= (100) (3412.75) / φ (2)where μ 
te
= thermal efficiency (%)
Capacity Factor 
The capacity factor for a power plant is the ratio between average load and rated load for a period of time and can be expressed as
 μ 
cf 
= (100) P 
al 
/ P 
rl 
(3)where μ 
cf 
= capacity factor (%)
al 
= average load for the power plant for a period (kW)
rl 
= rated capacity for the power plant (kW)
Load Factor 
Load factor for a power plant is the ratio between average load and peak load and can be expressedas

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