Transmission of Heat
15. If two slabs of thicknesses d
and of thermal conductivities K
are placed in contact, thenthe combination behaves as a single material of thermal conductivity K and is given byK=
.16. If three slabs have the same length and have cross-sectional areas A
respectively and whenheat flows from the upper surface to the lower without loss of heat, then the equivalent conductivity K isgiven byK=
thermometric conductivity or diffusivity
is defined as the ratio of the coefficient of thermalconductivity to the thermal capacity per unit volume of the material.Thermal capacity per unit volume=sVm
⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛
is density of substance.
Heat flow through aconducting rodCurrent flow through aresistance
Heat current H =dtdQ = rate of heat flowH =
K=thermal conductivityElectric current i =dtdq=rate of charge flowi =
19. Thermal resistance of metal rod R=
where L=length of the rod; A=area of cross-section,K=coefficient of thermal conductivity.20. Unit of thermal resistance is KW
.21. If different rods are connected in series, then heat flowing per second is same, i.e., H
and thenet thermal resistance R=R
+…22. If different rods are connected in parallel, then the net resistance R is given by
23. Thermal resistivity is the reciprocal of thermal conductivity.24.
is used to compare thermal conductivities of different materials. If L
arethe lengths of wax melted on rods of thermal conductivities K
25. When the temperature falls below 0°C say to
°C, the time taken for the thickness of ice growing fromx
cm to x
cm on a lake is given by t=
density of ice, K=coefficient of thermalconductivity of ice, L=latent heat of fusion of ice.26.
The transmission of heat from one part to another by the actual transfer of particles ofmatter is known as
.27. Although conduction does occur in liquids and gases also, heat is transported in these media mostly byconvection.
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