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Control of Breathing 2

Control of Breathing 2

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Published by maatela7sas

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Published by: maatela7sas on Apr 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/29/2014

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1
Nervous control of breathing
 
P
hysiological control systems involving thenervous system usually have three components.These are:a central controlling area an afferent pathway (takes sensory nerveimpulses to the central control area)an efferent pathway (takes motor nerve impulsesaway the central control area to the respiratorymuscles)
2
Nervous control of respiration
 
1. The central controlling area for breathing, called the
respiratory centre
, is in the brain stem2. It consists of a group of neurons which regulate minuteventilation (involuntarily) in response changes in oxygen,carbon dioxide and pH:
a. Inspiratory neurons
are active during inspiration andinactive during expiration
b. Expiratory neurons
are active during expiration but notinspiration
3
Central Controlling Area

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