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Published by: manjagediks on Apr 28, 2010
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The Challenge Of Upholding The Sanctity Of Halal In The Era Of Globalization.
Islamic set rule and law on all yarn matter in touch of human action.Objective of Islamic law was to protect human benefitto living in world or afterworld or both. To realise the objective, Allah didoutline for human being what is good and bad, Halal and Haram whichshould emphasized by man. Halal refers to that which the Creator has madelawful. God’s word, which means:
“So eat of the lawful and good food which Allah has provided for you. And be grateful for the Graces of Allah, if it is HeWhom you worship.” 
(Surah 16: 114). Halal means permitted andrecommended by the Islamic law. Haram is the opposite, meaning unlawfuland refers to what is forbidden. These two parameters have been designedfor health, safety and benefit of all mankind regardless of age, faith andculture. In the Holy Quran, God commands Muslims and all of mankind to eatof the Halal things: “
O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on theearth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you anopen enemy.” 
(Surah 2: 168). Stating that all things are originallywholesome, Halal is a guideline to distinguish from harmful, intoxicating or,otherwise, Haram goods. Non-Halal or Haram goods are thus prohibited orstrictly forbidden to Muslims.
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“Consumption on Halal products is not restricted to followers of Islam.”(Amanda Suriya Ariffin, 2007). Products that are produced with Halalcertification are readily acceptable by Muslim consumers as well asconsumers from other religions. This acceptance is due to thewholesomeness concept of Halal, which covers not only the
Shariah
requirement, but also the hygiene, sanitation and safety aspects. “Nearly 1.8billion Muslims around the world as well as some non-Muslims are fueling theHalal food industry, generating sales of $2.1 trillion annually.(ZaahiraMuhammad, 2009). Halal certification is a powerful marketing tool for boththe Muslim and non-Muslim producers, as there are an increasing awarenesson the part of Muslim consumers all over the world on their obligation toconsume Halal
 
food. The thesis statement of the paper is that “the challenges of upholdingthe sanctity of Halal in the era of globalization are to meet the Muslimconcept of Halal, to obtain recognizable Halal certification and Halal standardand to develop alternative ingredients to replace non-Halal ingredients inHalal products”. The first challenge of upholding the sanctity of Halal is to meet theMuslim concept of Halal. The Muslim’s wholesomeness concept of Halal foodcovers the lawful requirements of the Syariah law (law of Islam) and therequirements for good food, in terms of hygiene, sanitation and safety. “Theword Halal means the area of Islamic way of life that focuses on aspects of 
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Halalan Thoyyibah
that is purity, cleanliness and health living.” (SalawatiHaris, 2010). To achieve the wholesomeness concept, both aspects need tobe adhered to and implemented together. As said by Datuk al-Syeikh HajiAbdul Halim Abdul Kadir:
Thoyyibah
include two cases; physical andspiritual. It must be in line with shariah (not contradictory) and combinedwith sincerity to Allah.” (Salawati Haris, 2010). Failure in any of it will cripplethe wholesomeness concept of Halal food.Halal products are fast gaining worldwide recognition and become as anew benchmark for safety and quality assurance. Islam has introduced theconcept of slaughter, whereby a naturally Halal animal would have to beproperly slaughtered prior to consumption. “Halal slaughter (
Dhabiha
) isdefined as the act of killing, by an eligible Muslim, of animals which are Halalfor consumption through a single severance of the major arteries as well asthe oesophagus and trachea in the neck region using a sharp knife.” (InfoHalal, 2009). The act of slaughtering is to ensure the quality of meat and toavoid any microbial contamination, which basically covers the
thoyyibah
partof 
Halalan Thoyyibah
. For example, a dead but un-slaughtered animal isnormally associated with disease. Most disease originated or carried in theanimal’s blood. Therefore, slaughtering is mandatory to ensure the completedrainage of blood from the animal's body, thus minimizing the chance of microbial infection. “The Islamic (Halal) method of slaughter can bedescribed as the animal has to be lawful to eat, alive, healthy, to beslaughtered only for the reason of food, in the name of the Creator, Allah
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