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Published by kavidi

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Published by: kavidi on May 23, 2008
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Mnemonics - Clinical
 Note: Many of these mnemonics are decades old. I hope no one is offended by any of them.
Acute Rheumatic Fever
 "JENSH"J oints (polyarthritis)E rythema marginatum N odules (subcutaneous)S ydenham's choreaH eart (pancarditis)
Addison's Disease
 President Kennedy had Addison's disease.He always had a great tan (increased skin pigmentation due to increasedlevels of ACTH, MSH, etc.).
Alcohol Abuse Screening
 "CAGE"1. Have you ever felt it necessary to CUT DOWN on your drinking?2. Has anyone ever told you they were ANNOYED by your drinking?3. Have you ever felt GUILTY about your drinking?4. Have you ever felt the need to have a drink in the morning for an EYEOPENER?
Altered Mental Status
 "AEIOU TIPS"Alcohol/drugsEndocrine
InsulinOpiatesUremiaToxins/traumaInfectionsPsych/porhyriaSAH, shock, stroke, seizure, space occupying lesion
Angina Pectoris or MI Precipitating Factors
 "4 E's"E atingE motionE nvironmentE xercise
 "LARC"L ocal anesthetics beta A drenergic blockers"R efractory period prolongators"C alcium channel blockers
Argyll-Robertson Pupil
 Sign of neurosyphilis"ARP" - Accommodation Reflex Present, but Pupillary Reflex Absent("PRA" - "ARP" backwards).
 "3 Hypo's & 3 Hyper's"HypoxiaHypothermiaHypokalemiaHyperkalemiaHyper H+ (acidosis)Hyper Rx (drugs)
 Risk factorsConstitutional
G eneticA geS exMajor Hyper- tensionHyper- lipidemiaHyper- glycemiasmokingMinor S edentary lifestyleO besityS tressComplicationsS tenosisT hromosisA neurysmB leeding
B Vitamins
 "Train private-first class""TRN PFC"B1 - T hiamineB2 - R iboflavinB3 - N iacin (nicotinic acid)B6 - P yridoxineB9 - F olic acidB12 - C yanocobalamin
Back Pain
 "DISK MASSS"D egeneration: DJD, osteoporosis, spondylosisI nfection: UTI, PID, Pott's disease, osteomyelitis, prostatitis;Injury/fracture, compression fractureS pondylitis, ankylosing Spondyloarthropathies (rheumatoidarthritis, Reiters, SLE)K idney stones/infarction/infectionM ultiple Myeloma, Metastasis from breast, prostate, lung, thyroid,kidney cancersA neurysm, Abdominal pain referred to the back S lipped disk, spondylolisthesisS train, Scoliosis/lordosisS kin: herpes zoster 
Bilateral Hilar Adenopathy

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