WHAT IS TOURISM?
is travel for recreational or leisure purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines
as peoplewho "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited".Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2008, there were over 903 million international touristarrivals, with a growth of 6.6% as compared to 2007. International tourist receipts were USD 856 billion in 2008.Despite the uncertainties in the global economy, arrivals grew at around 5% during the first four months of 2009,almost a similar growth than the same period in 2008.
TOURISM IN INDIA
It is boom time for India's Tourism and hospitality sector which offers almost all types of tourism at one destination.The Indian subcontinent is bounded by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the north and edged by a spectacular coastline surrounded by three seas – Arabian Sea in the West, Bay of Bengal in the East and Indian Ocean in theSouth, India is a vivid kaleidoscope of landscapes, magnificent historical sites and royal cities, golden beaches, mistymountain retreats, colorful people, rich cultures and festivities. The world’s leading travel and Tourism Journal,“Conde Nast Traveler”, ranked India amongst top 4 preferred holiday destinations in the world! There are number of factors responsible for the growth of Indian tourism at global level. India is a peaceful country without any politicaldisturbance except for few destinations where a tourist is required to get special permission from local authority toenter into that area. There is healthy competition among all the states to attract the tourists from all over the world for speedy economic growth and employment generation. Not only this Ministry of Tourism and Culture has recentlylaunched a campaign called ‘Incredible India!’ in order to encourage different types of tourism in India.
WHAT IS CULTURAL TOURISM ?
Cultural tourism' (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourismconcerned with a country or region'sculture,specifically
the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those peoples, their art, architecture, religion(s),and other elements that helped shape their way of life. Cultural tourism includes tourism in urban areas, particularlyhistoric or large cities and their cultural facilities such asmuseumsandtheatres.It can also include tourism in rural
areas showcasing the traditions of indigenous cultural communities (i.e. festivals, rituals), and their values andlifestyle. It is generally agreed that cultural tourists spend substantially more than standard tourists do. This form of tourism is also becoming generally more popular throughout the world, and a recent OECD report has highlighted therole that cultural tourism can play in regional development in different world regions. Cultural tourism has been