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Letters and Sounds:
Principles and Practice o High Quality PhonicsPrimary
L e t t e r s a n d S o u n d s :
P h a s e F o u r
Children entering Phase Four
will be able to represent each o 42 phonemes by agrapheme, and be able to blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC wordsor spelling. They will have some experience in reading simple two-syllable words andcaptions. They will know letter names and be able to read and spell some tricky words.
The purpose of this phase
is to consolidate children’s knowledge o graphemes inreading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words. The teaching materials in this phase provide a selection o suitable words containing adjacentconsonants. These words are or using in the activities – practising blending or reading andsegmenting or spelling. This is not a list to be worked through slavishly but to be selected romas needed or an activity.It must always be remembered that phonics is the step up to word recognition. Automaticreading o all words – decodable and tricky – is the ultimate goal.
Suggested daily teaching in Phase Four
Sequence of teaching in a discrete phonics session
Objectives and criteria for success
Revisit and review TeachPractise Apply Assess learning against criteria
Revisit and review
Practise previously learned graphemes
Teach blending and segmentation o adjacent consonants Teach some tricky words