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Radio Network Planningand Optimisation
Since the early days of GSM development, GSM system network planning has undergoneextensivemodiﬁcationsoastofulﬁlltheever-increasingdemandfromoperatorsandmobileusers with issues related to capacity and coverage. Radio network planning is perhaps themost important part of the whole design process owing to its proximity to mobile users.Before going into details of the process, we ﬁrst look at some fundamental issues.
2.1 BASICS OF RADIO NETWORK PLANNING2.1.1 The Scope of Radio Network Planning
The radio network is the part of the network that includes the base station (BTS) and themobile station (MS) and the interface between them, as shown in Figure 2.1. As this is thepart of the network that is directly connected to the mobile user, it assumes considerableimportance. The base station has a radio connection with the mobile, and this base stationshould be capable of communicating with the mobile station within a certain coveragearea, and of maintaining call quality standards. The radio network should be able to offersufﬁcient capacity and coverage.
2.1.2 Cell Shape
In mobile networks we talk in terms of ‘cells’. One base station can have many cells. Ingeneral, a cell can be deﬁned as the area covered by one sector, i.e. one antenna system.The hexagonal nature of the cell is an artiﬁcial shape (Figure 2.1). This is the shape thatis closest to being circular, which represents the ideal coverage of the power transmitted
Fundamentals of Cellular Network Planning & Optimisation
2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ISBN: 0-470-86267-X