Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Old Testament: Ezekiel Week 25, Page 2 © 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
The first two-thirds of his book contain prophecies of judgment against Judah, and the surrounding nations (1
32). After Ezekiel learned of the fall of Jerusalem in 587
., he dedicated the last third of his writings to prophecies of restoration of Israel and the Temple (33
In his prophesies the Lord called
him ―son of man‖ (
) 93 times, which emphasized the mere mortal nature of Ezekiel in contrast to God and the other divine beings in his visions.
Satan used the same phrase to intimidate Moses into worshiping him (Moses 1:12). (2)
In the book of Daniel the title
―Son of man‖
was given to the future Messiah.
It is also used 87 times in the New Testament to describe Jesus Christ in his role as the Messiah.
There are also prophecies of Ezekiel that are not found in our Bible, including one
that ―the great and abominable church, which is the whore of all the
earth, shall be
cast down by devouring fire‖ (D&C 29:21).
24. This is
Ezekiel‘s description of cherubim (so named in 10:14–
They were composite creatures that had four faces (a man, an ox, a lion, and an eagle), two sets of wings, the body of a man, and the legs and feet of a calf.
They are similar to the seraphim in Isaiah‘s theophany (Isaiah 6), in that they are divine
winged creatures who serve God near his throne. b)
These descriptions are the source of the Christian tradition of angels having wings. c)
How do we explain these bizarre creatures?
battle of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38
39; Revelation 20:7
9), and the New Jerusalem with the celestial temple and the tree of life (Ezekiel 28:19; 40:2
35; Revelation 21:10
Other Old Testament examples of ―son of man‖ as a reference to a
mortal being include Numbers 23:19; Job 25:6; Psalms 8:4; 144:3; Isaiah 51:12; 56:2; Jeremiah 50:40.
See Daniel 7:13
14. This phrase is also found in the contemporary 1 Enoch 46
) and 62
). See also
R. H. Charles‘ explanatory essay ―‗The Son of Man‘: Its Origin and Meaning,‖
The Book of Enoch
(Oxford, 1893), 312
The phrase ―Son of Man‖ is used in the messianic sense 80 times in the Gospels, indicating Jesus‘ lowliness, hu
mility, and suffering (e.g. Matthew 11:19), as well as the honor and dignity granted him as the head and founder of the kingdom of God (Matthew 13:41). It also appears once in Acts (7:56) and twice in Revelation (1:13; 14:14). It also appears in Hebrews (2:6) in a non-messianic sense.
See John A. Tvedtnes, ―Ezekiel‘s ‗Missing Prophecy,‘‖ in
Voices of Old Testament Prophets: The 26th Annual Sidney B. Sperry Symposium
(Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1997), 110
21. Tvedtnes examined three possibilities regarding this
The text of the book of Ezekiel may have been modified, resulting in the loss of this prophecy from the Bible. (2) Ezekiel may have written a second book containing the prophecy, but which is not found in our current Bibles. (3) The prophecy, though perhaps distorted, is, in fact, found in the biblical Ezekiel.
‖ Tvedtnes argues that Ezekiel‘s description of brimstone and fire raining down on Gog and Magog (38:22; 39:6) can be connected with John‘s vision of the ―mother of harlots‖ an
d other evildoers being cast into the lake of fire and brimstone (Revelation 19:20; 20:7
10, 14; 21:8).
) are spoken of throughout the Old Testament. They are first mentioned as being ―
placed at the east of the garden of Eden
to [guard] the way of the tree of life
‖ (Genesis 3:24). The Ark of the Covenant had the
representation of two cherubim on the mercy seat (Exodus 25
37; Numbers 7:89). David had a vision in which he saw the Lord riding on a flying cherub (2 Samuel 22:11; Psalm 18:10
). Solomon‘s temple had two 30
-foot tall gold cherubim in the holy of holies (1 Kings 6:23
29). Ezekiel gave the only detailed description of their appearance; they appear throughout his book, including in representations on the walls of the future temple in his vision (41:18
Representations of mythological winged creatures were common on the Ancient Near East. Even the term
is a loan-word from another ANE culture: Akkadian
karibi, kuribi, karibati
was a winged bull with the face of a man. These colossal mythological creatures flanked the entrances of Mesopotamian palaces and temples.