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Adaptables 2006 - Netherlands

Adaptables 2006 - Netherlands

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BOOK Nº 2 : International Conference On Adaptable Building Structures
Eindhoven The Netherlands 03-05 July 2006
BOOK Nº 2 : International Conference On Adaptable Building Structures
Eindhoven The Netherlands 03-05 July 2006

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: LUIS ALBERTO MARROQUIN RIVERA on Apr 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Adaptables2006, TU/e, International Conference On Adaptable Building StructuresEindhoven [The Netherlands] 03-05 July 2006
Design Exploration through Bidirectional modeling of constraints
A. Kilian
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
 Design exploration, constraints, computation
 Today digital models for design exploration are not used to their full potential. The research efforts inthe past decades have placed geometric design representations firmly at the center of digital designenvironments. In this work it is argued that models for design exploration that bridge differentrepresentation aid in the discovery of novel designs. Replacing commonly used analytical, uni-directional models for linking representations, with bidirectional ones, further supports designexploration. The key benefit of bidirectional models is the ability to swap the role of driver and drivenin the exploration.The research developed around a set of design experiments that tested the integration of bidirectionalcomputational models in domain specific designs. From the experiments three main exploration typesemerged. They are:
branching explorations
for establishing constraints for an undefined designproblem; illustrated in the design of a concept car.
Circular explorations
for the refinement of constraint relationships; illustrated in the design of a chair.
Parallel explorations
for exercising well-understood constraints; illustrated in a form finding model in architecture. A key contribution of theresearch is the novel use of constraint diagrams developed to construct design explorers for theexperiments. The diagrams show the importance of translations between design representations inestablishing design drivers from the set of constraints. The incomplete mapping of design featuresacross different representations requires the redescription of the design for each translation. Thisredescription is a key aspect of exploration and supports design innovation.Finally, the author argues that the development of design specific design explorers favors a shift insoftware design away from monolithic, integrated software environments and towards open softwareplatforms that support user development.Recent work includes an articulated 40 feet tower built from fiberglas using a parametric basedbuilding process.
 Adaptables2006, TU/e, International Conference On Adaptable Building Structures
 Eindhoven The Netherlands 03-05 July 2006
 Design Exploration through Bidirectional Modeling of Constraints, Axel Kilian
Figure 1. Three case studies for the design exploration studies presented. a) A chair assembledfrom all curved wodden surfaces using glueless joinery. b) the “athlete car”, an articulatedvehicle using pneumatic muscles c) the digital hanging model for the exploration of freeformstructureFigure 2. Most recent project of an pneumatic articulated tower of 40 feet. A team project by:Philippe Block, Peter Schmitt, John Snavely and the author.
Kilian, A., 2006, Design Exploration through Bidirectional modeling of Constraints, PhD Thesis,Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
 Adaptables2006, TU/e, International Conference On Adaptable Building StructuresEindhoven [The Netherlands] 03-05 July 2006
Adaptable Tensairity
R.H. Luchsinger,
R. Crettol
Empa – Center for Synergetic Structures
Ueberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
Tensairity, pneumatic structures, adaptable structures, membranes.
 The new structural concept Tensairity
[Tens 2005] is a synergetic combination of a pneumatic
structure and a cable-strut structure. The main function of the pneumatic structure is tostabilize the cable-strut structure. Tensairity structures have a multitude of very interestingproperties. The beam or shell like structures are very light. Compact transport and compactstorage is possible as well as fast and easy deployment. Furthermore, new lighting possibilitiesand special forms can be realized with Tensairity. Tensairity is ideally suited for a variety of applications ranging from roof structures, foot bridges to temporary structures asadvertisement pillars. Furthermore, one of the most outstanding properties of Tensairity is thatthe structure is adaptable. The load-deformation response of such a Tensairity girder can becontrolled by the air pressure which allows the girders to adapt to changing load conditions.
1 The Tensairity principle
The fundamental Tensairity beam consists of a cylindrical airbeam, a compression strut tightlyconnected with the airbeam and two cables spiraled around the airbeam and attached at each end withthe compression strut [Fig. 1]. While the cables are pretensioned by the airbeam, the bucklingproblem in the compression strut is avoided due to the stabilization by the airbeam. As for a beam onan elastic foundation, the buckling load in the compression strut of the Tensairity girder isindependent of its length but depends on the pressure of the airbeam [Luchsinger
et al.
2004a]. Sincethere is buckling free compression in Tensairity, the cross section of the compression strut can haveminimal dimensions leading to the light weight property of the new structural concept. Furthermore,the pressure in the airbeam is solely determined by the load per area and independent of the span andslenderness of the beam [Luchsinger
et al.
2004a]. Therefore, the synergetic combination of anairbeam with cables and struts is ideally suited for wide span structures.

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