Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1


Ratings: (0)|Views: 10|Likes:
Published by raj_ferrari

More info:

Published by: raj_ferrari on Apr 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





How Flexibility of Buildings Affects their Earthquake Response? 
Earthquake Tip 
LearningEarthquake DesignandConstruction
Oscillations of Flexible Buildings
 When the ground shakes, the base of a buildingmoves with the ground, and the building swings back-and-forth. If the building were rigid, then every pointin it would move by the same amount as the ground.But, most buildings are flexible, and different partsmove back-and-forth by different amounts.Take a fat coir rope and tie one end of it to the roofof a building and its other end to a motorized vehicle(say a tractor). Next, start the tractor and pull thebuilding; it will move in the direction of pull (Figure1a). For the same amount of pull force, the movementis larger for a more flexible building. Now, cut therope! The building will oscillate back-and-forthhorizontally and after some time come back to theoriginal position (Figure 1b); these oscillations areperiodic. The time taken (
in seconds
) for each completecycle of oscillation (
one complete
motion) is the same and is called
Fundamental NaturalPeriod T 
of the building. Value of
depends on thebuilding flexibility and mass; more the flexibility, thelonger is the
, and more the mass, the longer is the
.In general, taller buildings are more flexible and havelarger mass, and therefore have a longer
. On thecontrary, low- to medium-rise buildings generallyhave shorter T (less than 0.4 sec).Fundamental natural period
is an inherentproperty of a building. Any alterations made to thebuilding will change its
. Fundamental naturalperiods
of normal single storey to
storeybuildings are usually in the range
0.05-2.00 sec
. Someexamples of natural periods of different structures areshown in Figure 2.
Figure 1: Free vibration response of a building:
the back-and-forth motion is periodic 
Roof Displacement 
 Inverted Pendulum Model 
(a) Building pulled with a rope tied at its roof (b) Oscillation of building on cutting the rope
Figure 2: Fundamental natural periods of structures differ over a large range.
Thenatural period values are only indicative;depending on actual properties of the structure,natural period may vary considerably.
Adapted from
:Newmark, (1970)
Current trends in the Seismic  Analysis and Design of High Rise Structures
, Chapter 16, inWiegel, (1970),
Earthquake Engineering 
, Prentice Hall, USA
Suspension Bridge:
6 sec 
LargeConcrete Gravity Dam:
0.8 sec 
Elevated Water Tank:
4 sec 
Reinforced ConcreteChimney:
2 sec 
Single Storey Building:
0.05 sec 
0.4 sec 
15 Storey Building:
1 sec 

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
ade118 liked this
ade118 liked this
paraschiv54 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->