Valley by elements of the 25
Infantry Battalion, Philippine Army (25
IBPA) and Scout Rangers. The victims wereaccused of being members of the NPA and were interrogatedabout their alleged hidden guns.The soldiers had an armed encounter with the membersof the NPA two days before. The next day, the farmers werebrought by the soldiers to a military depot in Mt. Diwalwal. At around 10:00 p.m, the victims were transported to the25
IBPA headquarters accompanied by 60 soldiers in 6x6military trucks.They were photographedholding signs with the word“commander” written on themand made to sign documents thatthey could not understand. Thevictims were held incommunicadoby the soldiers until March 10before they were turned over tothe police and brought to theMonkayo Police Station. At the police station, they were again photographed holdingsigns with their alleged chargeson it. They were detained forone night at the police station.The following day, 11 of them were brought to the ProvincialProsecutor in Nabunturan by the combined forces of the PNPand the 25
IBPA while thetwo minors were brought to theDepartment of Social Welfareand Development (DSWD). The11 were charged with multiplefrustrated murder, murder andviolation of the election gun ban.But the victims were released when Prosecutor Graciano Arafolruled on the illegality of theirarrest because the prescribedperiod of filing of charges hadalready lapsed. The two minors were also turned over by theDSWD to their relatives.These cases show, on theone hand, the might, resources,firepower that the military canutilize and the extent to whichthe security forces can violatehuman rights just to reach thearmed forces’ objective of supposedly ending the insurgency through the OBL. On the other hand, they are also proof of a desperate counterinsurgency program that victimizesunarmed civilians and members of legitimate people’sorganizations.
On March 18,
, resident of Brgy. Alfonso XII, Libacao, Aklan went to his farm in Sitio Marandan,Mali-ao, Tapaz, Capiz. Perez was alone in his farmhouse whensoldiers conducting a military operation in the vicinity openedfire at him with high-poweredautomatic rifles.The soldiers, mostly trainees, were from the 3
Infantry Division (3
ID)training unit under Capt. Adolfo V. Delizo. They wereon a long-range reconnaissancepatrol within the 33,310-hectaremilitary reservation where CampPeralta is located. When the firing stopped,Perez, his thigh smashed by thegunfire, staggered out of hisfarmhouse. A soldier went to himand shot him on the head, thuskilling him.The Philippine Army through the 3
ID PublicInformation Officer 1Lt. Mark Andrew Posadas justified thekilling by saying that a firefightoccurred. He said that Perez was “part of the group of illegalloggers under the command of the NPAs”, although not a rebelhimself.The village chief of Mali-ao, Virgilio Santiago, beliedthe Army’s allegations. He saidPerez was a civilian and a bonafide resident of the place.In a separate incident on23 February at around 6:25a.m.,
, ahealth worker was riding on hismotorcycle when two men on a white and black DT motorcycle
Table 1Victims of EJK and ED underthe Arroyo Government (by region)
January 21, 2001 to March 31, 2010
Ilocos7 2Cordillera Autonomous Region(CAR)34 2Cagayan Valley 30 4Central Luzon 154 66National Capital Region (NCR) 41 6Souhern Tagalog (ST) 177 29Bicol 196 10Eastern Visayas 126 27Central Visayas 26 4Western Visayas 30 6Northern Mindanao 32 2Caraga 34 11Socsksargen 26 5Western Mindanao 28 10Southern Mindanao 105 13Autonomous Region of MuslimMindanao (ARMM)144 8
Based on reports gathered by Karapatan
Farmers, including 2 minors, were illegally arrested and accused of being members of the NPA.