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A Modest Proposal is a type of persuasive writing called
. Through satire,writers ridicule people or institutions in order to effect change. A Modest Proposalwas written in 1729 to shock English society into an awareness of Englands unjust policies toward the Irish. In it, Swift uses the types of
listedbelow to convince the reader that Englands treatment of the Irish is heartless andimmoral.
: the use of facts or statistics to support a position
: the use of words that stir up strong feelings
: the use of details that will convince readers that the writer isfair and trustworthy; describing himself favorably and claiming to possess virtuesthatconsidering the nature of his proposalhe could not possibly haveIdentify the type of persuasive appeal used in each of the following quotations from thetexts. Some words are in bold to help you decide which appeal is being used.
y own part, having turned
, for manyyears, upon this important subject, and maturely weighed theseveral schemes of other projectors. . . (p. 431)
There is likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it willprevent [women from
sacrificing the poor innocent babes
. (p.432) . . . which would move tears and pity in the most
breast. (p. 432)
n page 432, Swift uses
language to describe thenumber of births, miscarriages, and deaths. I shall now therefore
y own thoughts
. . . (p.432) . . . therefore one male will be sufficient
four females. (p.432)
(equating people to ani
n page 433, Swift discusses
uch it would cost
to nurse abeggars child,
the child will cost, and
profit the mother would make. . . . I rather recommend buying the children alive, and
, as we do roasting pigs. (p. 433) Thirdly, whereas the maintenance of an
children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings apiece per annum, the nations stock will bethereby
increased fifty thousand pounds per annu
, besidesthe profit of a new dish. . . (p. 435)