People with diabetes can develop many different types of foot problems.Most often these problems occur when there is nerve damage, also calledneuropathy, which results in loss of feeling in the feet or lower legs. Poor blood flowmay also cause additional problems including peripheral vascular disease. Evenseemingly ordinary problems can worsen and lead to more serious complications.About sixty to seventy percent of people with diabetes have some form of neuropathy (NDIC, 2009). Symptoms of this can include numbness or tingling,indigestion, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, problems with urination,erectile dysfunction and weakness, along with the emotional difficulties that develop from these symptoms. The risk of diabetics developing peripheral vasculardisease is two to four times as likely as an otherwise healthy individual (Wikipedia,2010). The effects of peripheral vascular disease can be devastating. In fact,seventy percent of nontramautic amputations are performed on diabetics withperipheral vascular disease. Currently diabetics with these conditions are treatedwith a multitude of medications or even surgery both of which can cause even morecomplications.Hologenix, LLC, the makers of Celliant
, have developed a non‐invasive,completely safe way of treating diabetics suffering from vascular and neuropathicconditions. Wearing garments made with Celliant yarn or sleeping in a bed madewith Celliant can dramatically improve circulation and increase oxygen levels in thebody reducing pain and discomfort.Celliant is a technology that improves transcutaneous oxygen (TCPO
) levelsby embedding polyester yarn with photosensitive minerals. The mineralsembedded in each strand of yarn use the electromagnetic energy emitted by thebody in the form of infrared light and heat to vasodilate blood vessels. This allowsmore oxygenated blood to reach areas of the body that have poor circulation.Celliant is a bi‐component fiber. This means that the core of the fiber isseparate from that sheath and the minerals can be added to only the core of thefiber. Most of the additives are under one micron is size. For reference, a humanhair is typically anywhere from 17 to 180 microns. Because these minerals are sosmall and only found in the core of the fiber they can be treated like almost anyother yarn when they are made into fabrics and garments. This means diabetics cantreat their conditions without the risk of side effects and with no more effort thanputting on their socks in the morning, or laying down in bed to go to sleep at night.