At the outset, it is my duty to acknowledge with gratitude the generous help that Ihave received from my advisor, Professor Hidehiko KAZAMA. He is responsible forinvolving me in this master’s course in the first place. He taught me how to ask questions andexpress my ideas. He showed me different ways to approach a research problem and the needto be persistent to accomplish any goal. I also thank Mrs. Yumiko SHIRO and Mr. MasatoIWAMA for their strong support in making me acquainted with Japanese life style in the pasttwo years. I expresses with my deepest, heart felt gratitude to Mr. Kobayashi for beinghelpful person.Besides my advisor, I would like to thank the rest of my thesis committee: ProfessorKunio Watanabe and Assoc. Professor M. Osada, who asked me good questions, gaveinsightful comments and reviewed my work on a very short notice. And most of all I wouldlike to express my heart felt thanks to all staffs in Geosphere Research Institute of SaitamaUniversity (GRIS) which have direct and indirect value for finalizing this thesis.I would like to pass my great respect and Special thanks to Japan InternationalCooperation Agency (JICA) and Japan International Cooperation Center (JICE) for theirsupport in funding my tuition and living expenses through out my stay in Japan to pursue theMaster program in Saitama University, Japan smoothly. Especially, I would like to expressmy heart felt thanks to Mr. Mizuki MATSUZAKI, Ms. Yuri OSAWA, Mrs. WATANABEand Ms. Sayaka OSHIMI for their strong support, advice, suggestions, encouragement andtheir kindness cooperation for helping me in every aspect of my study and my life in Japan.Last, but not least, I thank my family (Amain sayang , Maun Du, Ina Noi, Alin Eqi),the late my father”† Salvador Soares” and my mother “ Andreza Soares, for giving me life inthe first place, for educating me with aspects from both arts and sciences, for unconditionalsupport and encouragement to pursue my interests, even when the interests went beyondboundaries of language, field and geography. My brothers (Maun Domingos, Enty, Rito,Abes and Aje) and friends: for sharing experience of life and dissertation to me, for listeningto my complaints and frustrations, and for believing in me, most of all supporting.