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“Acute Coronary Syndrome Non ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, and Community Acquired Pneumonia” Conclusion

“Acute Coronary Syndrome Non ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, and Community Acquired Pneumonia” Conclusion

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Published by: caloi on May 01, 2010
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V. Conclusion
Acute coronary syndrome(ACS) occurs when an atherosclerotic plaqueruptures, leading to thrombus formation within a coronary artery. Patients whodevelop symptoms consistent withACS, such as chest pain and diaphoresis,require timely evaluation to determine the cause. WhenACSis diagnosed,further stratification into categories of ST-elevationmyocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevationmyocardial infarction(NSTEMI), and unstableangina  guides therapeutic decision-making. Following recovery from an episode of ACS,patients continue to be at heightened risk of heart attack.Public education is focused on prevention, recognition of manifestationsand early treatment of hearth problems. Modifiable risk factors can be reduced or eliminated through lifestyle changes. Client education is aimed at (ACS)prevention. Primary prevention of (ACS) may include maintenance of idealweight and safe cholesterol levels stop smoking, reducing heavy alcoholconsumption and other lifestyle changes.Acute coronary syndromeis being managed today as a treatable problemif it is recognized early. However, because of the limited knowledge of the publicabout the early signs or warning signs which may include chest pain experiencedas tightness around the chest and radiating to the left arm and the left angle of the jaw,diaphoresis,nauseaandvomiting,as well asshortness of breath. As nursing students, this study somehow made us realize the importanceof early detection of diseases such asacute coronary syndromesince it may leadto more serious conditions if it is not properly managed or treated. Promptrecognition, which allows for early treatment of acute coronary syndromeisrecommended to lessen residual deficits and decreased disability. And by givingproper health teaching and awareness about the different factors that can lead tothe disease. Through this study, may we be able to help others to understandand know more aboutacute coronary syndromeand ways to prevent and treat its
signs and symptom and to know the different lifestyle changes to lessen or prevent the occurrence of the disease.
VI. Recommendation
The Department of Health is currently implementing several methods of control and prevention of the occurrence of and spread of the diseasesuch as early diagnosis and health education of the public. Yet there is stilla need to further efforts to enhance these methods because some peoplestill are not aware of the disease condition.
It is suggested that student nurses conduct information campaignsparticularly in the communities about the disease process, its signs andsymptoms and various preventive aspects of controlling the diseaseincluding the available treatment in the management of the diseasecondition.
It is also proposed that student nurses be well knowledgeable on how totake care of patients with acute coronary syndrome for them to properlyaddress the various needs and be able to give health teachings to helpthem understand their condition.
VII. BibliographyBooks:
Black, Joyce M., and Jane Hokanson Hawks.
Medical-Surgical Nursing Clinical Management for Positive Outcomes, 2-Volume Set (Medical SurgicaNursing- 2-Vol (Black/Luckmann))
. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2008. Print.Daniels, Rick, Laura Nosek, and Leslie H. Nicoll.
Contemporary Medical-Surgical Nursing 
. Belmont: Cengage Delmar Learning, 2006. Print.Fauci, Anthony S., Eugene Braunwald, Dennis L. Kasper, Stephen L. Hauser,Dan L. Longo, J. Larry Jameson, and Joseph Loscalzo.
Harrison'sPrinciples of Internal Medicine (2 Vol Set) (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine)
. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008. Print.Lewis, Sharon L., Margaret M. Heitkemper, Shannon Ruff Dirksen, PatriciaGraber O'Brien, and Linda Bucher.
Medical-Surgical Nursing Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, 2-Volume Set (Medical Surgical Nursing (Package))
. St. Louis: Mosby, 2007. Print.Libby, Peter, Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, and Douglas P. Zipes.
Braunwald's Heart Disease A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine,Single Volume (Heart Disease (Braunwald)(Single Vol.))
. Philadelphia:Saunders, 2007. Print.Linton, Adrianne Dill.
Introduction to Medical-Surgical Nursing 
. Philadelphia:Saunders, 2007. Print.Monahan, Frances, Judith K. Sands, Marianne Neighbors, Jane F. Marek, andCarol J. Green.
Phipps' Medical-Surgical Nursing Health and IllnessPerspectives
. St. Louis: Mosby, 2006. Print.Porth, Carol.
Pathophysiology concepts of altered health states
. Philadelphia:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005. Print.

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