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Pests and Disease Management

Pests and Disease Management

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Published by TristanQAndrew
PLANT A SEED, WATCH IT GROW - School Garden Program
http://journeytoforever.org
http://community2gard.insanejournal.com
http://sustain2tech.insanejournal.com
http://food2bank.insanejournal.com
http://row2grow.insanejournal.com
Introduction
Arthropod Pests
Snails and Slugs
Beneficial Insects – Natural Enemies
Vertebrate Pests
Plant Diseases
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Form
Related Presentation - ID Pests
PLANT A SEED, WATCH IT GROW - School Garden Program
http://journeytoforever.org
http://community2gard.insanejournal.com
http://sustain2tech.insanejournal.com
http://food2bank.insanejournal.com
http://row2grow.insanejournal.com
Introduction
Arthropod Pests
Snails and Slugs
Beneficial Insects – Natural Enemies
Vertebrate Pests
Plant Diseases
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Form
Related Presentation - ID Pests

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Published by: TristanQAndrew on May 01, 2010
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10/18/2011

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Pest and Disease Management
 Plant A Seed, Watch It Grow
Master Gardener Association of San Diego County
PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENTIntroduction
The damage caused by many pests can often be tolerated in a school garden.Some pests can be controlled without chemicals by washing plants with aforceful spray of water, hand picking and destroying the pests, or by usingbarriers.
Each of the following sections on Arthropod, Mollusks, Vertebrate pests,and their Natural Enemies have a few photos of the more common gardenpests. All of the photos and information are from the UC IPM website. Thewebsite has detailed information on these pests and many more. Theinformation on the IPM website includes additional photos, PestIdentification, Life Cycle, Damage Caused by Pest, Management of Pest,and in many cases a Pest Note that can be printed out. Click this linkhttp://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.landscape.html to go tothe UC IPM Pest Index.Arthropod Pests
The examples of arthropod pests shown here are aphids, spider mites, whiteflies,mealybugs, corn earworm, and tomato hornworm.
Aphids
Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects with long, slender mouth parts that they useto pierce stems, leaves, and other tender plant parts and suck out plant fluids.Almost every plant has one or more aphid species that occasionally feeds on it.Large populations cause curling, yellowing, and distortion of leaves and stuntingshoots; they can also produce large quantities of a sticky exudate known ashoneydew, which often turns black with the growth of a sooty mold fungus.Aphids come in a variety of colors.
 
Black Cherry Aphid Rosy Apple Aphid
 
Pest and Disease Management
 Plant A Seed, Watch It Grow
Master Gardener Association of San Diego County
 
Green Peach Aphid Leaf curling and distortioncaused by aphids
Spider Mites
Spider mites are the most common mite pest in the garden. To the naked eye,spider mites look like tiny moving dots; however, you can see them easily with a10X hand lens. Adult females, the largest forms, are less than 1/20 inch long.Spider mites live in colonies, mostly on the under-surfaces of leaves; a singlecolony may contain hundreds of individuals. The names "spider mite" and"webspinning mite" come from the silk webbing species produce on infestedleaves. The presence of webbing is an easy way to distinguish them from allother types of mites.
 
Adult Pacific Spider Mite Leaf mottling and webbing from heavyinfestation of spider mites
Whiteflies
Whiteflies are tiny, sap-sucking insects that are frequently abundant in vegetableand ornamental plantings. They excrete sticky honeydew and cause yellowing or death of leaves. Outbreaks often occur when the natural biological control isdisrupted.Whiteflies usually occur in groups on the undersides of leaves. They derive their name from the mealy, white wax covering the adult’s wings and body. Adults aretiny insects with yellowish bodies and whitish wings.
 
Pest and Disease Management
 Plant A Seed, Watch It Grow
Master Gardener Association of San Diego County
 
Adult greenhouse whiteflies and Sooty mold grows over honeydewtiny eggs left by a whitefly infestation on cotton
Mealybugs
Mealybugs are soft, oval, flat, distinctly segmented, and covered with a white,mealy wax that extends into spines (filaments) along the body margin and theposterior end. The species differ mainly in the thickness and length of the waxyfilaments. Citrus mealybug, the most common species, has a pinkish body that isvisible through the powdery wax. The filaments around its margins are notappreciably longer at the posterior end.Mealybugs extract plant sap, reducing tree vigor, and excrete honeydew. If acluster of mealybugs feeds along a fruit stem, fruit drop can occur. Damage ismost severe in spring and fall.
 
Mealybug colonies Citrus mealybugs

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