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Rr310402 Antenna and Wave Propagation

# Rr310402 Antenna and Wave Propagation

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11/25/2010

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Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam NotificationsUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand Universities ListEngineering-MBA-MCA-Medical-Pharmacy-B.Ed-Law Colleges Information
www.andhracolleges.com
Code No: RR310402
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &Telematics)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) As related to antennas, deﬁne and explain the following terms:i. Gainii. directivityiii. radiation resistanceiv. eﬀective areav. eﬀective lengthvi. eﬃciencyvii. beam widthviii. bandwidth.(b) Evaluate the directivity of i. an isotropic source, andii. source with bi-directional cos
θ
power pattern. [8+8]2. (a) Deﬁne and account for the presence oi. Radial power ﬂowii. Radiation resistance for a short dipole,iii. Uniform current distribution(b) Obtain the relative amplitudes of radiation, induction and electro-static ﬁeldsat a distance of 2
λ
from a short current element having an uniform current of 1 mA along its length. [8+8]3. (a) Obtain an expression for the ﬁeld strength and sketch the pattern of a 2element array with halt-wave spacing and phase diﬀerence of
π
/2 . Assumeequal amplitudes.(b) List out all the eﬀects of change of phases on the radiation characteristics of a Uniform Linear Array? [8+8]4. (a) With neat schematics, describe the principle of working of a 3 element yagiantenna, listing out its length and spacing requirements.(b) Sketch the current distributions on a folded dipole, and account for its inputimpedance when the two legs have unequal diameters. [8+8]5. (a) With neat schematics, derive the expression for pitch angle to get circularlypolarized radiation pattern for a helical antenna, operating in broadside mode,and sketch its pattern.1 of 2

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam NotificationsUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand Universities ListEngineering-MBA-MCA-Medical-Pharmacy-B.Ed-Law Colleges Information
www.andhracolleges.com
Code No: RR310402
Set No. 1
(b) What are the diﬀerent advantages and disadvantages of loop antennas?[10+6]6. (a) Distinguish between sectoral, Pyramidal and Conical Horns, with neat sketches.List out their utility and applications.(b) With neat set up, explain the absolute method of measuring the gain of anantenna. [8+8]7. Write explanatory notes on:(a) Selective fading and interference fading(b) Optimum working frequency and LUHF.(c) Field strength calculation for radio AM broadcast waves.(d) Ionosheric abnormalities. [4+4+4+4]8. (a) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of communication at ultra highfrequencies.(b) How does the ﬁeld strength of UHF signals depend on the heights of the trans-mitting and receiving antennas? Derive the relation and explain its variationwith distance. [6+10]
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2 of 2

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam NotificationsUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand Universities ListEngineering-MBA-MCA-Medical-Pharmacy-B.Ed-Law Colleges Information
www.andhracolleges.com
Code No: RR310402
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &Telematics)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Deﬁne and explain the signiﬁcance of the terms: Radiation intensity, Beamarea, Beam eﬃciency, eﬀective height, and resolution.(b) A source has a constant power pattern limited to top half of the hemisphereonly. Find its directivity and eective area. [10+6]2. (a) Deﬁne the terms electrostatic ﬁeld, induction ﬁeld and radiation ﬁeld of anantenna and bring out their signiﬁcance.(b) A transmitting antenna has an eﬀective height of 61.4 mts and takes a rmscurrent of 50 Amps at a wavelength of 625 mts. Find radiation resistance,radiated power and Antenna eﬃciency if the antenna loss resistance is 5 Ω.[8+8]3. For a 10 elements Uniform Linear Array with
λ
4
spacing, fed with equal amplitudemost spacing, determine all the radiation characteristics-BWFN, HPBW, Null, sidelobe positions and actual side lobe levels and directivity. Sketch the radiationpattern.If this array is not to have any side lobe, what should be the excitation amplitudes?[12+4]4. (a) Using the principle of pattern multiplication, obtain the resultant pattern of a long wire antenna and sketch the same.(b) Explain all the structural requirements of a 5-element Yagi antenna at 475mHz, accounting for typical spacing, length to diameter ratios and Z
in
.[8+8]5. (a) Sketch the typical geometry of a helical antenna radiating in axial mode, andlist out all its parameters and basic characteristics. List out the expressionsfor HPBW, BWFN, directivity and axial ratio.(b) With a neat sketch, explain the image formation and ﬁeld calculation for thecase of a 60
0
corner reector. [10+6]6. (a) Distinguish between sectoral, Pyramidal and Conical Horns, with neat sketches.List out their utility and applications.(b) With neat set up, explain the absolute method of measuring the gain of anantenna. [8+8]1 of 2