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Steel Trusses

Steel Trusses

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Published by Ahmad

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Published by: Ahmad on May 01, 2010
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05/26/2013

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Table of content 
 
Introduction««««««««««««..3
 
H
istorical development««««««««..4
 
T
russ Definition«««««««««««««««««5
 
Ch
aracteristics of trusses«««««««««««««««..5
 
M
odeling of trusses«««««««««««««««6
 
B
e
h
avior of truss«««««««««««««..7
 
FULL-S
CA
LE
 
T
ES
T
ING««««««««««««..7
 
General design principles «««««««««««««.8
 
Optimum dept
h
of truss girder ««««««..8
 
Design of compression c
h
ord members «««««..8
 
Design of tension c
h
ord members««««««««..8
 
Design of vertical and diagonal members««««««.9
 
L
ateral bracing for truss bridges««««««««««..9
 
T
russes classifications«««««««««11
 
A
ccording t
h
e row materials ««««««««..11
y
 
T
imber truss«««««««««««11
y
 
S
teel trusses««««««««««««.11
 
 
A
ccording to plane «««««««.11
y
 
P
lane truss«««««««««..11
y
 
S
pace
T
russ«««««««««««««12
 
S
pace grids«««««««««««..12
 
Double layer grids««««««««««12
 
A
ccording
F
unctions«««««««««««««.13
y
 
B
ridges truss«««««««««««««..13
y
 
oof truss system«««««««««««««.14
y
 
Girder and valley truss system«««««««««14
 
A
ccording s
h
ape «««««««««««««.15
 
A
dvantage of trusses
 
A
dvantages of space truss««««««««.18
 
A
dvantages of steel pipes«««««««««««««.18
 
A
dvantage of bridge truss«««««««««««««..18
 
C
omponents of t
h
e truss ««««««««.....19
 
C
onnecting systems (joints )«««««««««.....19
 
Nodular systems««««««««««««««19
 
M
ero connector«««««««««««««19
y
 
T
uball««««««««««««««..19
y
 
Octatube««««««««««««.19
y
 
P
late connector«««««««..20
 
eferences««««««««««««.....21
 
 Introduction:
Trusses are a structural frame usually fabricated from pieces of metal or timber to form a series of triangles lying in a single plane. The linear members are subjectonly to compression or tension. The horizontal pieces forming the top and bottomof the truss are called the chords, and the sloping and vertical pieces connecting thechords are collectively called the web.The truss exerts no thrust but only downward pressure; supporting wallsrequire no buttressing or extra thickening. Trusses have been used extensively inroofing and bridges. Wood trusses were probably first used in primitive dwellings
c.
2500 BC. Wood was replaced by iron, which in turn was succeeded by steel.Trusses usually contain straight members that connected to form collection of triangles to achieve required stability to the constructions; loads in truss applied atthe joints where the members connected and that are joints behave as a pinconnection. These characteristics mean that trusses are only axial member forcesand so all the members parts used in resisting loads and this cause efficiency inusing row material; and so the trusses are light structures.Best sections for the trusses are the circular or rectangular sections since thereis no week axis like W shapes or other shapes

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