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Indices and Logarithms

Indices and Logarithms

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Teena_wonder on May 01, 2010
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06/07/2013

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Topic 4: Indices andLogarithms
Jacques Text Book (edition 4):Section 2.3 & 2.4
Indices & Logarithms
 
 
Indices
Definition
- Any expression written as
a
n
isdefined as the variable
a
raised to the power of the number 
n
n
is called a power, an index or an exponent of 
a
Example
- where n is a positive whole number,a
1
= aa
2
= a
×
aa
3
= a
×
a
×
aa
n
= a
×
a
×
a
×
a……
n
times
 
 
Indices satisfy the following rules:
 
1)
where n is
 positive whole
number 
a
n
= a
×
a
×
a
×
a……
n
times
e.g. 2
3
= 2
×
2
×
2 = 8
2)
Negative
powers…..
a
-n
= 
e.g.
a
-2
=
e.g. where a = 22
-1
=
or 
2
-2
=
n
a
1
2
1
a
21
41221
=×

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