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Handbook of Reason

Handbook of Reason

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Published by Sergio Izquierdo

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Published by: Sergio Izquierdo on May 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2013

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 Christian Handbook of
Reason and Insight forReason and Insight forReason and Insight forReason and Insight forScientists and TechnologistsScientists and TechnologistsScientists and TechnologistsScientists and Technologists 
byDr. B. D. McLaughlinhttp://www.christianapologetic.org
 
 
ABSTRACT
 This book is intended to make Christians stronger apologists and non-Christiansre-examine their beliefs. Ten questions are addressed with classical logic;supplementary material has been relegated to the references so the reader canfocus entirely on the critical arguments. This book is not a source of originalthought; instead, it is a compendium of critical arguments uncluttered bysupplementary material and excessive personal opinion. The reader ischallenged to refute these arguments.
 
 
INTRODUCTION
In this book, answers are given to ten questions. A sound, logical basis hasbeen provided for each answer. If you read this book and question the basis forone or more of the answers, try to formulate convincing counter-arguments. Ifyou cannot, then reading this book will accomplish one of two things. If you are aChristian, you will become a stronger apologist. If you are not a Christian, youwill be motivated to re-examine your beliefs.
Logical Preliminaries
Only classical logic, as opposed to Hegelian dialectic synthesis, is used in thisbook: (a)
β
is
β
, (b)
β
is-not not-
β
and (c)
α
is either
β
or not-
β
, where
α
and
β
arenouns (persons, places or things). This can be stated another way by writing asentence called the thesis (
α
is
β
) and another sentence called the antithesis (
α
 is not-
β
).
Given any thesis and its antithesis, one is true, the other is false and thedecision must be based on evidence.
The concept of thesis/antithesis can be illuminated using the language ofprobability theory. Consider a sample space comprising the set of all possiblechoices or outcomes. Each individual choice is called a sample point. If thesample space is discrete –- the sample points can be counted –- then
β
is anyone, but not more than one, of the sample points. not-
β
is the complement of
β
 which contains all sample points except
β
. The thesis (
α
is
β
) means
α
 corresponds to the sample point
β
. The antithesis (
α
is not-
β
) means
α
 corresponds to one of the sample points in not-
β
.

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