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Introduction of computer system

Introduction of computer system

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Published by Shibly
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Ministry of Tertiary Education & Training

National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology

Introduction to Computer Systems
Notes
101

Developed by Interactive Training Division IDM Computer Studies (Pvt) Ltd. http://www.idm.edu

National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology Introduction to Computer Systems

CHAPTER 1...................................................................................................................5 Lay
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Ministry of Tertiary Education & Training

National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology

Introduction to Computer Systems
Notes
101

Developed by Interactive Training Division IDM Computer Studies (Pvt) Ltd. http://www.idm.edu

National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology Introduction to Computer Systems

CHAPTER 1...................................................................................................................5 Lay

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Published by: Shibly on May 02, 2010
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SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Ministry of Tertiary Education & Training
 National Certificate in Information & CommunicationTechnology
Introduction to ComputerSystems
Notes
101
Developed byInteractive Training DivisionIDM Computer Studies (Pvt) Ltd.http://www.idm.edu 
 
 
National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology Introduction to Computer Systems 
Developed by IDM Interactive Training Division for 
Skills Development Project 
2
CHAPTER 1...................................................................................................................5
 
Laying out Conditions....................................................................................................5
 
Social value of Occupational skills and importance of adjusting to changing demandsand preparing for lifelong learning.................................................................................9
 
Correct use of Equipment............................................................................................10
 
Safety Hazards, especially Electrical Power...............................................................11
 
CHAPTER 2.................................................................................................................16
 
What is Information Technology?................................................................................16
 
Data and Information...................................................................................................16
 
Why IT is being used?.................................................................................................17
 
Importance of Computer..............................................................................................21
 
IT Trends......................................................................................................................26
 
CHAPTER 3.................................................................................................................29
 
History of Computers...................................................................................................29
 
Classification of Computers.........................................................................................72
 
Micro Computer PCs (XT to PIV)................................................................................77
 
CHAPTER 4.................................................................................................................86
 
Architecture of Computers...........................................................................................86
 
Von Neuman Architecture (1946)................................................................................86
 
Basic Functions of a Computer...................................................................................87
 
Booting Process...........................................................................................................88
 
Basic Concepts of Hardware, Software, and Liveware...............................................89
 
System Software..........................................................................................................90
 
Application Software....................................................................................................94
 
CHAPTER 5...............................................................................................................100
 
 
 
National Certificate in Information & Communication Technology Introduction to Computer Systems 
Developed by IDM Interactive Training Division for 
Skills Development Project 
3Input Devices.............................................................................................................100
 
Output Devices...........................................................................................................114
 
Processor...................................................................................................................119
 
Primary Storage.........................................................................................................121
 
Secondary Storage....................................................................................................124
 
Disk Drives.................................................................................................................124
 
Evaluation of Processors...........................................................................................130
 
Main Circuit Board of a PC........................................................................................137
 
CHAPTER 6...............................................................................................................141
 
The Number Systems................................................................................................141
 
Logic Gates: AND Gate, OR Gate, NOR Gate..........................................................144
 
CHAPTER 7...............................................................................................................146
 
Introduction to Computer Viruses..............................................................................146
 
Introduction to Anti-virus Software.............................................................................150
 
Installing Anti-virus Software.....................................................................................156
 
Upgrading Anti-virus Software...................................................................................170
 
Uninstalling Anti-virus Software.................................................................................174
 
ASSIGNMENT 1........................................................................................................179
 
Identify Working Environment Hazards and Take Preventive Steps........................179
 
ASSIGNMENT 2........................................................................................................180
 
Input and Output Devices..........................................................................................180
 
System Software and Application Software..............................................................181
 
ASSIGNMENT 3........................................................................................................182
 
Understanding Hardware Devices.............................................................................182
 
ASSIGNMENT 4........................................................................................................183
 
Computer Viruses......................................................................................................183
 
ASSIGNMENT 5........................................................................................................184
 
Data Representation With in the Computer...............................................................184
 
CASE STUDY1..........................................................................................................185
 
Installing, Scanning, and Upgrading Virus Guards...................................................186
 
CASE STUDY 2.........................................................................................................187
 

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