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Mass Concrete

Mass Concrete

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Published by mohsin

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: mohsin on May 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2012

 
Mass ConcreteMass Concrete
Robert MoserRobert MoserCEE8813ACEE8813AMaterial Science of ConcreteMaterial Science of Concrete
2
Lecture Overview
General Overview
Definitions & Standards, Thermal Cracking, andTemperature Rise
Temperature & Stress Prediction
Factors Affecting Temperature Rise
Cement, Aggregate, Ambient Temp, SCMs, etc…
Placement Techniques
Post-Placement Techniques
Embedded Pipe Cooling
Formwork Insulation
Thermal Expansion Reinforcement
 
3
General Overview
Mass Concrete is defined as:
 “Any volume of concrete with dimensions largeenough to require that measures be taken to copewith the generation of heat from hydration of thecement and attendant volume change to minimizecracking.” (ACI Manual of Concrete Practice)
Fundamental Papers on Mass Concrete
 “Engineering Mass Concrete Structures”PCA ProfessionalDevelopment Series
 “Mass Concrete –ACI 207ACI Manual of Concrete Practice
4
General Overview
Cement Hydration is a very exothermic process, leading toa rise in temperature at the core of very large pours.
(Kelly)
If the surface temperature is allowed to deviate greatlyfrom that of the core, thermal cracking will develop.
Most codes require a temperature differential of less than 36Ffrom the surface to the core of the section.
(Gajda
1
)
When dimensions are > 1m or 3ft, temperature riseshould be considered.
(Panarese)
Common thought is mass concrete principles only apply tolarge dams. But they apply to any large pour:
Massive foundations, bridge piers, thick slabs, nuclear plants,structural columns, etc…
 
5
Thermal Cracking
Cement hydration produces a rise in internaltemperature.
The outer surface cools faster than the core of thesection.
By thermal expansion/contraction, the temperaturedifferential induces thermal (tensile) stresses at thesurface.
(Mehta)
Stresses
>
Tensile Strength => Thermal Cracking!
High core temperatureduring hydration.Cooled surface andthermal cracking.High degree of restraint
 
6
Temperature Rise
Temperature rise varies by many parameters:
Cement composition, fineness, and content
Aggregate content and CTE (Coeff. of Thermal Expansion)
Section geometry
Placement & ambient temperatures
(Mass)
Most temp rise occurs in first 1-3 days after placement.
For thick sections,cooling to ambienttemps may take years.
(Mehta)

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