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SOUND the ALARM- Reporting Violence Against Children in Cambodia

SOUND the ALARM- Reporting Violence Against Children in Cambodia

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Published by Lisa Woods
In October 2006, the United Nations published a World Report on Violence Against Children , which noted among its key recommendations the need to create accessible and child-friendly reporting systems and services.

The Royal Government of Cambodia developed a draft national report to feed into the World Report, in which it states that currently no official complaints or reporting procedures exist in the country to report violence against children in the home and family, in school, in institutions, the workplace, the street or community.

The purpose of this study is to:
1) Map and assess existing governmental, NGO, community or local reporting mechanisms on violence against children
2) Determine by whom (teachers, social workers, doctors, police, etc) and how cases of violence against children are discovered, and if and how they are tracked and followed up.
3) Draw out lessons learned, identify issues and potential, and provide recommendations on follow-up actions that can be taken by UNICEF, Government and other relevant stakeholders.
In October 2006, the United Nations published a World Report on Violence Against Children , which noted among its key recommendations the need to create accessible and child-friendly reporting systems and services.

The Royal Government of Cambodia developed a draft national report to feed into the World Report, in which it states that currently no official complaints or reporting procedures exist in the country to report violence against children in the home and family, in school, in institutions, the workplace, the street or community.

The purpose of this study is to:
1) Map and assess existing governmental, NGO, community or local reporting mechanisms on violence against children
2) Determine by whom (teachers, social workers, doctors, police, etc) and how cases of violence against children are discovered, and if and how they are tracked and followed up.
3) Draw out lessons learned, identify issues and potential, and provide recommendations on follow-up actions that can be taken by UNICEF, Government and other relevant stakeholders.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Lisa Woods on May 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/15/2013

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2008
UNICEF Cambodia
Researcher & Writer Lisa Nicol Woods 
SOUNDTHEALARM: Reporting Violence Against Children In Cambodia
 
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2
 
ACRONYMS
3
 
INTRODUCTION
5
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
7
 
METHODOLOGY
8
 
Focus group discussions
8
 
Key informant interviews
8
 
Literature review of existing research
8
 
CONTEXT OF VIOLENCE
10
 
Poverty
10
 
Gender 
10
 
Gang rape
11
 
Gang and youth violence
11
 
Alcoholism
11
 
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
13
 
Legal Framework for Domestic Violence
13
 
Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of Victims (2005)
13
 
Labour Law (1997)
15
 
Anti-trafficking policy framework
16
 
Policy on Alternative Care for Children (2006)
17
 
Prakas on Minimum Standards on Residential Care for Children
17
 
RESOURCES TO IMPLEMENT LEGAL FRAMEWORK
18
 
SOCIAL SERVICE SYSTEMS
19
 
KEY FINDINGS
20
 
RECOMMENDATIONS: SYSTEMS
28
 
SETTINGS
31
 
RECOMMENDATIONS: SETTINGS
39
 
CONCLUSION
42
 
RESOURCES
43
 
 
3
ACRONYMSADHOC
Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association
AHTJP
Anti-Human Trafficking and Juvenile Protection
BCC
Behaviour Change Communication
Cambodia or RGC
The Royal Government of Cambodia
CCPCR
Cambodian Centre for the Protection of Children's Rights
CCWC
Commune Council for Women and Children
CDHS
Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey
CDW
Child Domestic Worker 
CEDAW
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
CHI
Child Helpline International
CNCC
Cambodian National Council for Children
CRC
Convention on the Rights of the Child
CWCC
Cambodian Women’s Crisis Centre
DoSVY
Provincial Office of Social Affairs
EIC
Education, Information, and Communication
EIU
Economic Intelligence Unit
FGD
Focus Group Discussion
ILO
International Labour Organization
INGO
International Non-governmental Organisation
IOM
International Organization for Migration
IPEC
International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour 
LAC
Legal Aid of Cambodia
LEASETC
Law Enforcement Against Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of ChildrenProject
LICADHO
Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights
LSBE
Life-Skills Based Education
MMR
Maternal Mortality Ratio
MoEYS
Ministry of Education Youth and Sports
MoH
Ministry of Health
MoI
Ministry of Interior 
MoJ
Ministry of Justice
MLVT
Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training
MoSVY
Ministry of Social Affairs, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation
MoU
Memorandum of Understanding
MoWA
Ministry of Women’s Affairs
NGO
Non-Governmental Organisation
OHCHR
Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights
OSVY
District Office of Social Affairs
OVC
Orphans and Vulnerable Children
PLAU
Provincial Local Administration Unit

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