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KOM

# KOM

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12/17/2012

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UNIT IIKINEMATICS - VELOCITYAND ACCELERATIONDIAGRAMS

2
SYLLUBUS:
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Displacement, velocity and acceleration - analysis in simple mechanisms - Graphical Method velocity and acceleration polygons - Kinematic analysis by Complex Algebra methods-Vector Approach, Computer applications in the Kinematic analysis of simple mechanisms-Coincident points- Coriolis Acceleration
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Content:
Describe a mechanism.
Define relative and absolute velocity.
Define relative and absolute acceleration.
Describe a four bar chain.
Solve the velocity and accelerationof points within a mechanism.
Use mathematical and graphical methods.
Construct velocity and acceleration diagrams.
Define the Coriolis Acceleration.
Solve problems involving sliding links.It is assumed that the student is already familiar with the following concepts.
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Vector diagrams.
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Simple harmonic motion.
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Angular and linear motion.
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Inertia force.
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Appropriate level of mathematics.All these above may be found in the pre-requisite tutorials.

3
INTRODUCTION
A mechanism is used to produce mechanical transformations in a machine. Thistransformation could be any of the following.
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It may convert one speed to another speed.
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It may convert one force to another force.
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It may convert one torque to another torque.
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It may convert force into torque.
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It may convert one angular motion to another angular motion.
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It may convert angular motion into linear motion.
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It may convert linear motion into angular motion.A good example is a crank, connecting rod and piston mechanism.
Figure 1
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If the crank is turned, angular motion is converted into linear motion of the pistonand input torque is transformed into force on the piston.
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If the piston is forced to move, the linear motion is converted into rotarymotion and the force into torque. The piston is a sliding joint and this is called
PRISMATIC
in some fields of engineering such as robotics.
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The pin joints allow rotation of one part relative to another. These are also called
REVOLUTE
joints in other areas of engineering.