the world; Ceres, Juno and Diana animate it; Mercury, Venus, andApollo harmonize it; and lastly, Vesta, Minerva, and Mars, presideover it with a guardian power. But the truth of this may be seen instatues as in enigmas. For Apollo harmonizes the lyre; Pallas isinvested with arms; and Venus is naked; since harmony generates beauty, and beauty is not concealed in objects of sensible inspection.Since, however, these Gods primarily possess the world, it is necessaryto consider the other mundane Gods as subsisting in these; as Bacchusin Jupiter, Esculapius in Apollo, and the Graces in Venus. We maylikewise, behold the spheres with which they are connected ; viz. Vestawith earth, Neptune with water, Juno with air, and Vulcan with fire.But the six superior Gods we denominate from general custom. For Apollo and Diana are assumed for the sun and moon ; but the orb of Saturn is attributed to Ceres; aether to Pallas; and heaven is commonto them all. And thus much concerning the mundane Gods in general,the sources of their progression, their orders, powers, and spheres.** Vid. Sallust. de Diis et Mundo, Cap. 6.
THE division, however, of the mundane Gods is into the celestial andsublunary. And of the celestial, the divinity of the inerratic sphere histhe relation of a monad to the divinities of the planets. But the triadunder this monad consists of Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars; of which thefirst is the cause of connected comprehension, the second of symmetry,and the third of division and separation. And again, with respect to thesublunary deities, the moon ranks as a monad, being the cause of allgeneration and corruption. But the triad under it, consists of thedivinities who preside over the elements of air, water and earth. Betweenthese are the planets that revolve with an equal velocity. And of these,the sun indeed unfolds truth into light, Venus beauty, and Mercury thesymmetry of reasons or productive principles, conformably to the analogyof the three monads mentioned by Plato in the Philebus, as subsisting inthe vestibule of
. It may also be said that the moon is the causeof nature to the mortal genera, being the visible image of the fontalnature existing in the goddess Rhea. But the sun is the fabricator of all the senses, because he is the author of seeing and of being seen.Mercury is the cause of the motions of the phantasy; for the sun givessubsistence to the essence of the phantasy, so far as it is the same withsense. But Venus is the cause of the appetites of that irrational part of the soul which is called desire; and Mars, of those irascible motionswhich are conformable to nature. Jupiter also, is the common cause of all vital,and Saturn of all gnostic powers. For all the irrational forms may be divided intothese. The causes, therefore, of these, are antecedently comprehended in thecelestial Gods, and in the spheres with which they are connected.