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APUSH, Chapter Twenty-Seven, The Path of Empire

APUSH, Chapter Twenty-Seven, The Path of Empire

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Published by Julie
A guide containing important terms/concepts corresponding with Chapter Twenty-Seven in the American Pageant.
A guide containing important terms/concepts corresponding with Chapter Twenty-Seven in the American Pageant.

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Published by: Julie on May 02, 2010
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Chapter Twenty-Seven: The Path of Empire
Yellow PressYellow PressYellow PressYellow PressThe “yellow press” of Pulitzer and Hearst described foreign exploits in a positive light.Sensationalized the situation in Cuba, publishing news about the atrocities in Cuba and making some upwhen there were none. Josiah Strong, Josiah Strong, Josiah Strong, Josiah Strong,
Our Country: Its Possible Our Country: Its Possible Our Country: Its Possible Our Country: Its Possible     uture and Its Present Crisis uture and Its Present Crisis uture and Its Present Crisis uture and Its Present Crisis 
 In the book, Strong spoke of the superiority of Anglo-Saxon civilization and called Americans to spreadtheir religion and their values to the “backward” peoples.Captain Alfred Mahan,Captain Alfred Mahan,Captain Alfred Mahan,Captain Alfred Mahan,
The Influence of Sea Power The Influence of Sea Power The Influence of Sea Power The Influence of Sea Power 
 1890: Mahan argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance. His book, read by theEnglish, Germans, and Japanese, as well as by Americans, was a factor leading to the naval raceamong the great powers that would take place around the turn of the century.Americans demanded a mightier navy and for an American-built isthmus canal between the Atlanticand the Pacific. James Blaine James Blaine James Blaine James BlaineAs Secretary of State, Blaine pushed his “Big Sister” policy, which aimed to rally the Latin Americannations behind Uncle Sam’s leadership and to open Latin American markets to Yankee traders.1889: He presided over the first Pan-American Conference, held in Washington, D.C. While it onlycreated a vague plan for economic cooperation through reciprocal tariff reduction, it paved the wayfor a long series of inter-American assemblies.The Venezuela DisputeThe Venezuela DisputeThe Venezuela DisputeThe Venezuela DisputeThe jungle boundary between British Guiana and Venezuela had been in dispute for more than a half-century, with the Venezuelans consistently urging arbitration. In 1895, gold was found in the area,escalating the dispute.Cleveland authorized Secretary of State Richard Olney to present a note to London in which Olneydeclared that the British, by attempting to dominate Venezuela in the quarrel and acquire moreterritory, were violating the Monroe Doctrine. British officials took four months to reply, and denied therelevance of the Monroe Doctrine.Cleveland angrily urged for an appropriation for a commission of experts to determine a boundary,and if the British would not accept it, the U.S. would fight for it.Distracted by Kaiser Wilhelm II, the British agreed to arbitrate the dispute, which enhanced the prestigeof the Monroe Doctrine. Many Latin American republics were impressed by the U.S.’ determination toprotect them.Olney CorollaryOlney CorollaryOlney CorollaryOlney Corollary
Chapter Twenty-Seven: The Path of Empire
Olney’s note to London in the Venezuela Dispute, in which he interpreted the Monroe Doctrine as theUnited States having complete dominance in the Western Hemisphere.“ “ “Patting the EaglePatting the EaglePatting the EaglePatting the Eagle’ ’ ’s Heads Heads Heads Head” ” ” Replaced the era of America’s “twisting the lion’s tail,” in which Britain was interested in cultivatingYankee friendship.Rapproachment Rapproachment Rapproachment Rapproachment The Great Rapproachment between the United States and Britain following the Venezuela Disputebecame a cornerstone of both nations’ foreign policies as the twentieth century opened.QueenQueenQueenQueen LiliuokalaniLiliuokalaniLiliuokalaniLiliuokalaniInsisted that native Hawaiians should control the Hawaiian islands. Liliuokalani was the last reigningqueen of Hawaii, whose defense of self-rule led to a revolt by white settlers and to her dethronement.“ “ “Butcher Butcher Butcher Butcher” ” ” Weyler Weyler Weyler Weyler Spanish general “Butcher” Weyler came to Cuba to crush the Cuban rebellion. He herded civilians intobarbed-wire reconcentration camps where they could not assist the armed rebels. Without proper sanitation, these enclosures turned into deadly pestholes with high mortality rates.While he was removed in 1897, conditions in Cuba grew worse.TheTheTheThe
Maine Maine Maine Maine 
 1898: Washington sent the battleship
to Cuba, ostensibly for a “friendly visit” but actually toprotect and evacuate Americans if a dangerous flare-up should again occur.On ebruary 15, 1898, the
mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor, with a loss of 260 officers andmen. Two investigations were taken. The Spanish commission stated that the explosion had beeninternal and presumably accidental, while the American commission reported that the blast had beencaused by a submarine mine.Various were proposed, with the least likely theory being accepted—he Spanish officials in Cuba were guilty. In 1976, Admiral Rickover, gave the final answer, presenting overwhelming evidence that theinitial explosion had resulted from spontaneous combustion in one of the coal bunkers adjacent to apowder magazine.De Lome Letter De Lome Letter De Lome Letter De Lome Letter ebruary 9, 1898: Hearst sensationally headlined a private letter written by the Spanish minister inWashington, Dupuy de Lome, in which the minister wrote that President McKinley was an ear-to-the- ground politician who lacked good faith.The uproar was so violent that Dupuy de Lome was forced to resign.
Chapter Twenty-Seven: The Path of Empire
Teller Amendment Teller Amendment Teller Amendment Teller Amendment This proviso proclaimed that when the United States had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give theCubans their freedom.Adam DeweyAdam DeweyAdam DeweyAdam Deweyebruary 25, 1898: Roosevelt cabled Commodore George Dewey, commanding the American AsiaticSquadron at Hong Kong to descend upon Spain’s Philippines in the event of war, with McKinleyconfirming these instructions.May 1, 1898: Dewey carried out his orders, destroying the ten ships of the Spanish fleet with his sixwarships. Nearly four hundred Spaniards were killed and wounded, without the loss of a single life onDewey’s fleet.Emilio AguinaldoEmilio AguinaldoEmilio AguinaldoEmilio Aguinaldoormerly exiled in Asia, Dewey brought him to the Philippines in order to weaken the Spanish resistance.Aguinaldo commanded the ilipino insurgents.“ “ “Rough RidersRough RidersRough RidersRough Riders” ” ” Regiment of volunteers consisting largely of western cowboys, ex-polo players, and ex-convicts.Commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood, the group was organized by Teddy Roosevelt, who hadresigned from the Navy Department to serve as Lieutenant Colonel.GeneralGeneralGeneralGeneral Leonard WoodLeonard WoodLeonard WoodLeonard WoodLed the Rough Riders.He later set up an American military government in which he improved finance, education, agriculture,and public health. Under his leadership, the cure for yellow fever was found.Treaty of Paris (1901)Treaty of Paris (1901)Treaty of Paris (1901)Treaty of Paris (1901)In the Treaty of Paris, the United States gained control of both Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Disputesover the Philippines were solved when the Americans agreed to pay Spain $20 million for the PhilippineIslands.Initially, McKinley was reluctant to annex the Philippines, but acquiring the Philippines seemed to be thebest course to take in order to prevent other major powers from seizing them. Additionally, Protestant missionaries were clamoring to convert the ilipinos from Catholicism to Protestantism and Wall Street was interested in profiting from Philippines.

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