ZYM Manufacturing Ltd.
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A DYNAMIC OVERLAY FOR SEAT CUSHIONS AND BEDS, TO PROVIDEALTERNATING PRESSURE IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE PROBABILITY OFDEVELOPING PRESSURE SORES .(Decubitus Ulcers)By: Myron ZarryTHE PROBLEM
Bed sores, pressure sores, or decubitus ulcers all refer to the same condition, and occur atrates that are unacceptably high, given that they are 100% preventable. The currentmethods of prevention require repositioning a person in a chair every 10-15 minutes, andonce an hour for the bed ridden. This exercise is disruptive for the patient, and timeconsuming for the care giver, thus the incidence and occurrence rates listed below.-
Two thirds of pressure sores occur in patients older than 70 years.-The rate of occurrence in nursing homes is estimated to be 17-28%.-Neurologically impaired individuals have an annual incidence of 5-8%, with alifetime risk of 25-85%.-Pressure sores are listed as the direct cause of death in 7-8% of all paraplegics.-Patients over 65 years, with a hip fractures acquired pressure sores (stage 2 orhigher) at the rate of 36.1% within 32 days of hospital admission.-Patients who achieve a healed wound have a recurrence rate as high as 90%.
Ref: Don R Revis Jr, MD, University of Florida College of Medicine. Aug 27,2009.
Many products have been produced in an attempt to deal with this affliction, yet the problems persist. The most effective products, variable pressure air beds and fluidized beds, still require the care giver to reposition the patient regularly, and they aren’trecommended for home use. These products are prone to leakage, are noisy, andexpensive.The proposed equipment is designed to eliminate the occurrence of pressure sores bymaintaining adequate capillary flows in all contacted areas of the body through shifting pressure from one area to another. This was originally suggested by R.J. Houle.
Ref: Evaluation of Seat Devices Designed to Prevent Ischemic Ulcers in Paraplegic Patients, Arch. Phys.Med., 50:587-594 Ref: Mooney et al. “Pressure Distribution in seat Cushions” – Bulletin of Prosthetics Research