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Gejala Bahasa

Gejala Bahasa

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Published by: David Setiadi, M.Hum. on May 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/02/2013

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Gejala Bahasa
Protesis
(penambahan di awal)Contoh: mas
emaslang
elang
Efentesis
(penambahan di tengah)Contoh: kapak
kampaktubuh
tumbuh
Paragog
(di akhir)Contoh: hulubala
hulubalang
Pengulangan atau penghilangan fonem
Afanesis
Contoh: stani
tanitelentang
tentang
Hapologi
(berkurang dua fonem di tengah)Contoh: baharu
baru
Sinkop
Contoh: sahaya
sayabahasa
basacitcit
cicit
Apakop
Contoh: tidak
tidaImport
impor
 
Assimilasi total
Contoh: ad+simiatio
assimilasi
asimilasiAl+salam
assalam
asalam
Asimilasi parsial/sejalan
Contoh: in+perfect
imperfect
imperfek
P
 
Protesis (penambahan awal)
E
Efentesis (penambahan tengah)
P
Paragog (penambahan akhir)
A
 
Afanesis (pengurangan awal)
S
 
Sinkop (pengurangan tengah)
A
 
Apakop (pengurangan akhir)
H
Hapologi (pengurangan dua fonem di tengah)
S
 
Sandi
 
Kontraksi (pemendekan) Contoh: mahardika
merdeka
PLEONASME (-)ANALOGI (+)HIPERKOTEK (-)ADAPTASI (+)KONTAMINASI (-)Penyerapan bahasa
1.Loan words (kata serapan): Hasil importasi morfosis tanpa substansimorfemis namun tanpa atau dengan substansi fonemis.

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