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Design of Power Transmission Sys

Design of Power Transmission Sys

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Published by kasreedhar

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Published by: kasreedhar on May 03, 2010
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11/9/2006©2005 Alexander Slocum6-0
Topic 6Power Transmission Elements II
Power Transmission Elements II
Screws & gears are transmission elements thatwarrant a special place in power transmission systemsbecause of the huge range of power levels at which theyare applied and the very high transmission ratios theycan achieve.The first screws were used perhaps byArchimedes in 200 BC as pumps to lift water from ariver to a field. It is not known when the first powerscrew for lifting a solid load was invented, but it waslikely over a thousand years ago. Like many technolo-gies, the military was a powerful catalyst for develop-ment. One could imagine designers wondering howthey could convert rotary motion into linear motion, orhow they could amplify force or torque. With gunpow-der came the need for the manufacture of better gun bar-rels which propelled the fledgling machine toolindustry. Fortunately, making cannons is like makingcylinders for steam engines, and swords begot plow-shares...The need to tell time accurately for navigation,the longitude problem
, was perhaps the major drivingforce in the development of accurate gears. The meth-ods developed for creating accurate gears for clockswere scaled to create accurate gears for industry and thisalso helped power the industrial revolution.We may never know who the great minds werewho actually had the moment of brilliance to inventscrews and gears, but we salute these great minds; forwithout screws and gears, which still serve us today,society would grind to a halt, and industry would bethreaded!By considering
principles, youwill better be able to separate marketing hype fromengineering reality. Remember Maudslays Maxims,and apply them in the context of:Kinematics: motion, accuracy, spaceDynamics: forces, speeds, lifeEconomics: design, build, maintain
1.See Dava Sobel’s book Longitude, ISBN 0802713122
11/9/2006©2005 Alexander Slocum6-1
 w w w . om a x . c  om
Topic 6Power Transmission Elements II

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