( Umbelliferae )
– Root, leaves, seeds, stems
Native to temperate regions of western Europe, the Himalayas, and Siberia.Preferably damp sites near running water.Aromatic biennial herb growing to 6 ft, with ridged upright hollow stems,large bright green leaves, and greenish white flowers in umbels.Known as a prized medicinal herb, it is considered one of the mostimportant of the soil. The root extract is considered to be anti-inflammatory.The stems are candied for culinary use, and is one of the herbs used in gin.
– A warming tonic remedy, it improves the blood flow to the peripheralparts of the body – hands and feet. It also stimulates relief frombronchitis and challenging chest conditions. The roots are mainlyused for respiratory conditions, yet all parts of the plant help relieveindigestion and colic.
Native to tropical East Africa, it is now cultivated in tropical areas worldwide.Fermenting, sun-drying, and roasting create the best quality beans.Evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 28 ft, with dark-green oval leaves, whitestar-shaped flowers, and produces small red fruit, containing two seeds (beans).Caffeine is a strong stimulant and a short-term stimulant as well. In long term,it is thought to weaken the vitality, especially when above moderate consumptionover-stimulates the central nervous system.Ayurvedic medicine states that unripe beans are best used for headaches,and ripe roasted beans for diarrhea. In occasional consumption, it has a beneficialeffect on the nervous system, temporarily improving perception and physicalperformance. It is a powerful diuretic, as it increases heart output and stimulatesdigestive juices.Coffee should be avoided by those prone to acid indigestion, high blood pressureor palpitations, as it may cause a one degree rise in the body temperature of some.