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physics AS level work

physics AS level work

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Published by Harry Sedgwick
half of module 1 and full module 2 notes
half of module 1 and full module 2 notes

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Harry Sedgwick on May 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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Harry Sedgwick 
 
Teacher: ChrisMorrel
 
Subject: PhysicsThe Atom -Rutherford's model -Plum pudding model ^ -
 
Geiger and Marsden scattering Experiment -
Most of the alpha particles pass straight through the gold sheet withdeflections of only 1 or 2 degrees this would be predicted with every model.However some of the deflections were much longer with around 1 in 8000deflections being greater than 90 degrees. This can only be explained byRutherford’s nuclear model of the atom. Rutherford’s theory proved because firing
 
positive atoms at positive atoms means that it would repel back.
Structure of the nucleus -
Symbol- proton = P or H- Neutron = N- Electron = e- Beta particle = B or e- Alpha particle = A or HeIsotopes – atoms having the same proton number but different nucleon number(number of neutrons).
Particle physics
-Q = charge B = baryon number L = lepton number (every particle has anantiparticle - you can tell because there is always a line above the original signe.g. B) PParticle physics diagram -
 
(An anti-quark is the same letter but it has a line above it)Leptons -(Tau neutrino = Ve)Hadrons reactions - during any reaction the following properties must beconserved -Baryon number lepton number charge strangeness mass/energy(don’t worry) 

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