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Remote OS Detection

Remote OS Detection

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Published by tar3q

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Published by: tar3q on May 04, 2010
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05/03/2010

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Remote OS Detection
-1-By:
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نع ثحبلا يف أدب م بلغ قرتخلا  .قارتا لع يف ضاولا هأ نم وضولا اذهةكبش ىت أ ,ازلا أ اولا دأ دتس  ءاو .فده نع مولا نم ة ربأنع بع وه لا اذه.دل تلا ظ وه ع ثحبلا يف قرتخلا أدب م أ  .ةم نم ركلا ىع دت  .تلا ددش وضوم  .رأ  ا ؤ  طلا نم ةعوجم .(: يل ةبسل ا ىع ,دلا تلا ظ  ا رتلا نم .لا اذه  ىت  ًم ارتا نم نكت يكل LinuxأUnixـلا  أ عأ  .shell accountيتلا رماا بل ةبم وك و  وورب ةس ول  ,فرم دل وك ا يب  .وضولا  هذ و TCP/IP.أ يه ,قرلا ذه ىلأ .م  ًعو دلا  ةدتلا قرلا  ة أدأ و E-mailد ةلر رل  صخلا دربلا م و و ذلا ,بتسلا ظلا ىلإ طوم  ـلا رع دع .ووم رغ تل ل أ نم  Headersدج و ةلرل خلا.ب نم ةرلا ذه رأ ل ا ,ةحلا يف . صخلا تلا ظ  ,دل  موم اذه يف قرلا رشأ  دأ نم ا لا .(: اًرع يوو م يف ع أر ي  .جلا
Banner Grabbing
ـلا يه را ةرلاBanners ةظا نم ركلا يف  ً ًبع ربت ذه  . ىع ملا مربلا أ ىع وحلا تس ,ةمدخل ا رج تس أ ث .بتلاأ ةكلا  .تلا ظ ادأ  و ىع وحلا ك ث .ل نم رأ   ,ذلاا  و  .ابلا ذه ز ا ىع أ ,قغ وت  ةظا ءادم نم ركلا....مولا ذه م ىع وحل خلا ئولا  نع ذلا اذ ا وه  لا ع م  .ذم أ ىع ةملا ةمدخلا ددحتل , َئدبم أ ر Telnet clientو .ةرلا ذ ةلا مولا نم ركلا دج م  ًبلغ .ع ...جئت ر  جتلا ب و 
[root@localhost root]# telnet 127.0.0.1Trying 127.0.0.1...Connected to 127.0.0.1.Escape character is '^]'.
 
Red Hat Linux release 7.2 (Enigma)
 
Kernel 2.4.5 on an i686login:
 ذل   أ ه  23ـلا دخ ذلاTelnetيأ  ًأ   . ـلا ادأ  عو   ادأ  تلا ظ ضرع ةمدخلا .(: "حأ"Kernelـلا  Architecture. قارت خ نم تح يتلا ةدلا مولا  عأ يأ أ .ـلا ذم , ًأ  ا نك يتلا ذفلا نم FTP دت ةمدخلا و ث , ...ذلا اذ ا دع مولا
[root@localhost root]# telnet 127.0.0.1 21Trying 127.0.0.1...Connected to 127.0.0.1.Escape character is '^]'.220 localhost.localdomain FTP server (Version wu-2.6.1-18) ready.user broken331 Password required for broken.pass *************230 User broken logged in.syst215 UNIX Type: L8quit221-You have transferred 0 bytes in 0 files.221-Total traffic for this session was 421 bytes in 0 transfers.221 Thank you for using the FTP service on localhost.localdomain.Connection closed by foreign host.[root@localhost root]#
ـلا ةمد ذ   يأ ه  FTPخلا  ,ا أ رج .رما ذت  ,ودلا جس دع  .تل ادأ  خلا مر و نع ب SYSTرما اذه أ ,و أ يب .خلا  تلا ظ نع مولا نم دزلا يح ذلاـلا ةع ب رما اذه ذ حلا  يف نكلا نم أ ث .اادعأ  خلا ىع دت Loginجس دع  ًأ نكلا نم .لا نع  ًم رما اذه أ ت رأ أ يف  . ـلا سح ل  ول  ىت ,خلا ىلإ ودلاanonymousـلا م دأ ىع وحلا ,Binary / م , ةذتلاbin/ls.ت  تلا ظ نع مولا نم دزلا ارختأ   يه تاد و و يتلا ةلتلا ةمدخلاHTTPذلا ىع80أ8080 اأ . نع بع وه تلا ظ ددح ةع نم دلاWeb Server ذه دج و دتل ف نع مولا نم ربأ ة ىع وحلا نم ك ا يف ,ةمدخلا ذه ةها نك .ةم ةمدخلا...ةمدخلا ذه نم مولا ىع وحلا رج و .فدهـلا ةاو ذلا اذ  و و Telnet....دح م ر ِل  
[root@localhost root]# telnet 127.0.0.1 80Trying 127.0.0.1...Connected to 127.0.0.1.Escape character is '^]'.GET /qwe HTTP/1.1HTTP/1.1 400 Bad RequestDate: Sat, 05 Oct 2002 18:06:38 GMTServer: Apache/1.3.20 (Unix) (Red-Hat/Linux) mod_ssl/2.8.4 OpenSSL/0.9.6bDAV/1.0.2 PHP/4.0.6 mod_perl/1.24_01
 
Connection: closeTransfer-Encoding: chunkedContent-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXConnection closed by foreign host.
ـلا ذح  دل HTML codeذل  ه  دل .را  ,جحلا تل لا 80 ذت   ,GET خلا ةح يه رخلا كف ,ل رغ400ةلادلا و م .ع مولا نم ركلا خلا  هد  .ةولا ةحلا ىع ولا دع ىع.را مولا نم دزلا  تلا ظ  ,ادأ  خلا
[root@localhost root]# telnet 127.0.0.1 80Trying 127.0.0.1...Connected to 127.0.0.1.Escape character is '^]'.HEAD 127.0.0.1 HTTP/1.1HTTP/1.1 400 Bad RequestDate: Sat, 05 Oct 2002 18:01:20 GMTServer: Apache/1.3.20 (Unix) (Red-Hat/Linux) mod_ssl/2.8.4 OpenSSL/0.9.6bDAV/1.0.2 PHP/4.0.6 mod_perl/1.24_01Connection: closeContent-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1Connection closed by foreign host.
لا ذت  هHEADجم دح يلتل  ,ف ةحلا أ  ذلا,.تح يتلا مولاا رذ ا يب ىظلا ةبللاـلا مار نم Scanتلا ةظأ ددح مار   ـلا وم ,ةلو  ,رش را ةولا  ,ةتخلاwww.netcraft.comظ ددحت و .ةرلا ذ تلات و جلا اذه يف ولا , أ ,ةفرلا تلا ظم ر ا دتعأ .مد  بتل اًرظ .يح  سبم ك نكل  .اد  خ را تلا  ىلإاذه نع ثحبلا نكلا نم ,وضولا اذه يف ,ربأ ك تلا  ةادلا يف ةبغرلا ةل يف .رتا يف وضولا
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