Branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of mental, emotional,and behavioral disorders of childhood. Child psychiatry has been recognized as a divisionof the field of psychiatry and neurology since the mid 1920s.
Many children and adolescents have mental health problems that interfere with their normal development and daily life activities. Some mental health problems are mild,while others are more severe. Some mental health problems last for only short periods of time, while others, potentially, last a lifetime.Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems that occur in childrenand adolescents. Three percent to 5 percent of school-aged children are diagnosed withattention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are common amongadolescent and young women in the US.The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) states that research studies have reportedthat up to 3 percent of children and up to 8 percent of adolescents in the US suffer fromdepression.It is important to know that help is available. Most children and adolescents whoexperience mental health problems can return to normal daily activities, if they receiveappropriate treatment
I- Mental RetardationDefinition
Signs and Symptoms
There are many signs. For example, children with developmental disabilities maylearn to sit up, to crawl, or to walk later than other children, or they may learn to talk later. Both adults and children with intellectual disabilities may also: