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LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 19: D&C 87, 90, 100-101, 103, 105

LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 19: D&C 87, 90, 100-101, 103, 105

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Published by Mike Parker
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 19: D&C 87, 90, 100-101, 103, 105
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 19: D&C 87, 90, 100-101, 103, 105

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03/28/2013

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© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
Doctrine and CovenantsWeek 19: D&C 87, 90, 100
101, 103, 105
1)
 
[SLIDE 2]
D&C 87. The prophecy on war.a)
 
This is one of Joseph Smith’s best
-known prophecies, largely because he correctly predicted so many of the details of the beginning of the American Civil War of 1861
65. b)
 
This revelation was received on Christmas Day, 1832,
1
and recorded in Churchmanuscript books within the next year,
2
however, it was not published to the world atthat time.i)
 
Orson Pratt later testified that he carried the revelation in his missionary travels in
1833 and thereafter, but that people with whom he shared it considered it ―
aMormon humbug, and laughed [him] to scorn
.‖
3
 ii)
 
It was first published widely in England in 1851 as part of the first edition of thePearl of Great Price, and then three years later in a Mormon newspaper in Washington, D.C.
4
 iii)
 
It received a great deal of attention in 1860
61, including publication in severalprominent newspapers on the east coast of the U.S. and in Great Britain.
5
 iv)
 
[SLIDE 3]
Brigham Young:
That revelation was reserved at the time the compilation for [the 1835 Doctrineand Covenants] was made by Oliver Cowdery and others, in Kirtland. It was notwisdom to publish it to the world, and it remained in the private [writing desk].Brother Joseph had that revelation concerning this nation at a time when thebrethren were reflecting and reasoning with regard to African slavery on thiscontinent, and the slavery of the children of men throughout the world. There areother revelations, besides this one, not yet published to the world. In the due timeof the Lord, the Saints and the world will be privileged with the revelations thatare due to them. They now have many more than they are worthy of, for they donot observe them.
6
 
 v)
 
It was first included in the Doctrine and Covenants in the 1876 edition.
1
Brigham Young recalled that the prophecy was prompted by discussions among Church leaders with regard to slavery (see below), but it also may have been motivated by the Nullification Crisis that took place in South Carolina in 1832
33 (see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nullification_Crisis
)
. South Carolina’s legislature passed an ordinance that voided specific federal
tariffs that Carolinians believed were harming the state economically and were unconstitutional. The state began military preparations to defend itself against federal actions. The crisis resolved itself when new, lower federal tariffs were enacted by Congress in February 1833 and South Carolina repealed its nullification order the next month. At the time of this prophecy,however, war between South Carolina and the other states appeared very likely, and this may have prompted the ProphetJoseph to go the Lord on the matter.
2
Three handwritten copies of the prophecy are found in two manuscript books that date to 1833
34:
 Revelation Book
1,157 (
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-1?p=145
) and 202
03(
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-1?p=190
);
 Revelation Book 2
, 32
33(
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-2?p=42
).
3
Orson Pratt, 10 April 1870.
 Journal of Discourses
13:135(
http://en.fairmormon.org/Journal_of_Discourses/13/16#135
). See also Pratt, 27 December 1868.
 JD
12:344(
http://en.fairmormon.org/Journal_of_Discourses/12/64#344
).
4
 
Orson Pratt, ―War:
 A Revelation and Prophecy by the Prophet, Seer, and Revelator, Joseph Smith, Given December 25th,
1832,‖
 
The Seer
2/4 (April 1854), 241
47 (
http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/NCMP1820-1846/id/18126
).
5
 
The Church published its own text in England as ―The Dark Day of the United States,‖
The Latter-
day Saints’ Millennial 
 Star
22/4 (28 January 1860), 51 (
http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/MStar/id/36822
).
6
Brigham Young, 20 May 1860.
 JD
8:58 (
http://en.fairmormon.org/Journal_of_Discourses/8/12#58
).
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 87, 90, 100
101, 103, 105 Week 19, Page 2© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
c)
 
[SLIDE 4]
In 1861 the Saints regarded the outbreak of the American Civil War as a
fulfillment of Joseph’s prophecy.
 i)
 
87:1.
However, it is not solely a Civil War prophecy, but a prophecy of ―
wars
[plural]that will shortly come to pass,
beginning
at the reb
ellion‖ of the Southern States
.
7
 ii)
 
87:1
2. The
prophecy states that these wars would ―be poured out upon all nations,‖and would ―eventually terminate in the death and misery of many souls.‖
 (1)
 
This has largely come to pass: During the 20th century approximately 231 millionpeople died worldwide due to wars and conflict.
8
 (a)
 
More people died in war during the 20th century than in any 100-year periodin history.
9
 d)
 
87:3. The prophecy goes on to state that alliances between Great Britain and other
nations would eventually drag ―all nations‖ into armed conflict.
 i)
 
This was most famously seen in the outbreak of World War I, when a very tight webof alliances among the European nations compelled them to collectively defend theirallies.e)
 
87:4. The prophecy 
goes on to foretell a time when ―
slaves shall rise up against theirmasters.
‖ Some have understood this to refer to Southern black slaves rising up.
10
 i)
 
 Although some blacks fought in the Civil War, most of the combatants were free menof the North and South.ii)
 
Others have pointed to later events, and the prophecy may still await completefulfillment.
11
 iii)
 
It’s quite possible that it could be referring to the throwing off of imperialism,
colonialism, and communism that we have witnessed around the world over the lastcentury.
12
 f)
 
[SLIDE 5]
87:5. In t
he final element of prophecy we are told that ―
the remnants who areleft of the land will marshal themselves, and shall become exceedingly angry, and shall vex the Gentiles with a sore vexation
.‖
 i)
 
This is probably the hardest verse to interpret.ii)
 
There are six other verses in the Doctrine and Covenants that define the ―remnant‖
of Israel as:(1)
 
The Lamanites, or Native Americans (19:27; 109:65), or(2)
 
The scattered tribes of Israel (45:24, 43; 113:10), or
7
Joseph had twice previously prophesied of war coming to the United States (D&C 38:29; 45:63), and later at Nauvooreaffirmed his prophecy of coming civil war, beginning in South Carolina and probably arising over the question of slavery (130:12
13).
8
Milton Leitenberg
, ―
Deaths in Wars and Conflicts in the 20th Century 
,‖
Cornell University Peace Studies Program,Occasional Paper #29, 3rd ed. (2006), 1 (
http://bit.ly/10d9Dti
).
9
This is partly due to a larger global population, but also because the advances in technology that have made killing on alarge scale possible.
10
 
Pratt, ―War,‖ 242.
 
11
See Hyrum M. Smith and Janne M. Sjodahl,
 Doctrine and Covenants Commentary
(Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book,1916),
 
537; B. H. Roberts,
 New Witnesses for God 
(Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret News Press, 1911), 1:331
32(
http://archive.org/stream/newwitnessesforg00robe#page/331
).
12
See Hyrum Andrus,
 Doctrinal Themes of the Doctrine and Covenants
(Provo, Utah: BYU Press, 1964), 97
98; Donald W. Parry and Jay A. Parry,
Understanding the Signs of the Times
(Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999), 249
50.
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 87, 90, 100
101, 103, 105 Week 19, Page 3© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
(3)
 
The Latter-day Saints (52:2).iii)
 
It may refer to the U.S. wars with Native Americans in the late 19th century,
13
 although that would seem to be out of order chronologically with the rest of therevelation.iv)
 
It may also refer to a future time when the Lord’s people, or gathered Israel, rise up
against the wicked nations of the earth.
14
 g)
 
87:6
7 lists the two reasons for these wars:i)
 
 Judgment:
 
That ―
the inhabitants of the earth be made to feel the wrath, andindignation, and chastening hand of an Almighty God
‖ (87:6b), and
 ii)
 
 Justice:
That the cry of the saints, and of the blood of the saints, shall cease to comeup into the ears of the Lord
 
to be avenged of their enemies‖ (87:7).
 h)
 
87:8. And finally, an exhortation to the Sa
ints to ―stand…in holy places.‖
 i)
 
This is a direct reference to the temple.(1)
 
One area of the ancient tabernacle and temples in Jerusalem was the
holy place
,or sanctuary (Hebrew 
/
 
hekhal 
).(a)
 
This room contained the lamp stand (menorah), the table of shewbread, andthe altar of incense, in which the priests offered daily sacrifices to the Lord.ii)
 
I believe this verse teaches us two things:(1)
 
That we should be literally, physically in the temple as often as possible.(2)
 
That we should be symbolically, or spiritually ―in the temple‖ by living lives of 
sacrifice and service.iii)
 
That is how we will show ourselves approved of the Lord in the difficult times of thelast days.
2)
 
[SLIDE 6]
D&C 90.a)
 
This revelation, received in March 1833, contains another prophecy of the last days thathas been fulfilled. b)
 
90:6
8. The context of this passage is the establishing of the First Presidency, who hold
―the keys of this last kingdom.‖
 c)
 
90:9
11. One purpose of the First Presidency is to administer the missionary work of the
Church. The gospel will ―go forth unto the ends of the earth,‖ and ―the arm of the Lordshall be revealed in power in convincing the nations‖ of its truth. And, in that day, ―
every 
man shall hear the fulness of the gospel in his own tongue, and in his own language.‖
 i)
 
 We have witnessed the fulfillment of this prophecy, as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints now sends missionaries to approximately 120 countries andteaches about 50 languages at its Missionary Training Center in Provo, Utah.
15
 
13
 
 Millennial Star
22/4 took this interpretation by commenting
in brackets: ―…the remnants who are left of the land
[meaning the American Indians,] will marshal themselves, and shall become exceedingly angry, and shall vex the Gentiles[meaning the people of the United States,] wi
th a sore vexation….‖
 
14
See Stephen E. Robinson and H. Dean Garrett,
 A Commentary on the Doctrine and Covenants
(Salt Lake City, Utah:Deseret Book, 2004), 3:90.
15
 
―About the MTC‖ (
http://www.mtc.byu.edu/themtc.htm
).

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