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LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 23: D&C 98-99, 102, 106, 108, 134

LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 23: D&C 98-99, 102, 106, 108, 134

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Published by Mike Parker
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 23: D&C 98-99, 102, 106, 108, 134
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 23: D&C 98-99, 102, 106, 108, 134

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Published by: Mike Parker on May 04, 2010
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© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
Doctrine and CovenantsWeek 23: D&C 98
99, 102, 106, 108, 134
The Political Motto of the Church of Latter-day Saints
The Constitution of our country formed by the Fathers of liberty. Peace and good order insociety. Love to God, and good will to man. All good and wholesome laws, virtue and truthabove all things, and aristarchy,
live for ever! But woe to tyrants, mobs, aristocracy,anarchy, and toryism,
and all those who invent or seek out unrighteous and vexatious lawsuits, under the pretext and color of law, or office, either religious or political. Exalt thestandard of Democracy! Down with that of priestcraft, and let all the people say Amen!that the blood of our fathers may not cry from the ground against us. Sacred is thememory of that blood which bought for us our liberty.
This lesson is on the relationship of the Lord
s people to secular government and its affairs. We
re going to focus primarily on sections 98 and 134.a)
Because this subject crosses into the realm of politics, there is the potential fordisagreement among class members. I would hope that we would all listen respectfully to different points of view, even when they may differ from our own. b)
Dealing with the elephant in the room:i)
Must a person belong to a specific political party in order to be a faithful Latter-day Saint? (
Do all political parties have platforms that support the teachings of the gospel of Jesus Christ? (
Do all political parties have platforms that are
to the teachings of the gospelof Jesus Christ? (
President Gordon B. Hinckley:
Now, there is much that we can and must do in these perilous times. We can give ouropinions on the merits of the [political] situation as we see it, but never let us becomea party to words or works of evil concerning our brothers and sisters in various nationson one side or the other. Political differences never justify hatred or ill will. I hopethat the Lord
s people may be at peace one with another during times of trouble,regardless of what loyalties they may have to different governments or parties.
The purpose of this lesson is neither to defend nor attack anyone
s political beliefs orpolitical party affiliation. I would like to stick to the principles taught in the scripturesand by the leaders of the Church, and refrain from arguing over politics.
is ―a body of good men in power, or government by excellent men.‖ Noah Webster,
 American Dictionary of the English Language
, 1828 ed., s.v. ―Aristarchy‖ (
The Tories were British politicians who favored arbitrary principles in government and supported the rule of kings, whileopposing democratization and reform.
, s.v. ―Tory‖
 History of the Church
3:9 (
Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith
117. Thepolitical motto was written by Joseph Smith in March 1838 at Far West, Missouri, and was signed by himself, Thomas B.Marsh, David W. Patten, Brigham Young, Samuel H. Smith, George M. Hinkle, John Corrill, and George W. Robinson.
―Principles compatible with the gospel are found in the platforms of all major political parties‖
Gordon B. Hinckley, ―War and Peace,‖ General Conference, April 2003 (
). President Hinckley‘s remarks came just two weeks
after the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq.
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 98
99, 102, 106, 108, 134 Week 23, Page 2© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
First principles:a)
Let no man break the laws of the land, for he that keepeth the laws of Godhath no need to break the laws of the land. Wherefore, be subject to the powers that be,until he reigns whose right it is to reign, and subdues all enemies under his feet.
 When the Savior comes again in glory, he will be our lawgiver (38:22). Until then, weare bound by his commandment to obey the laws of the land. These laws includeobserving legalities in business, obeying speed limits, paying taxes, and so on.
D&C 98.a)
This revelation was received in response to illegal persecution and threats against theSaints in Jackson County, Missouri.i)
Its major theme might be the answer to the question,
 As members of the Churchand kingdom of God, what are our obligations as members of society living undercivil authority?
 What did the Lord reveal about the United States Constitution? (
98:5. The laws of the land that are justifiable before God are those that are:(1)
Support that principle of freedom in maintaining rights and privileges.(a)
In other words, individual laws are justifiable before God only to the extentthat they conform to that principle of freedom inherent in the Constitution.(b)
Joseph Smith:
The Constitution of the United States is a glorious standard; it is founded inthe wisdom of God. It is a heavenly banner; it is to all those who areprivileged with the sweets of its liberty, like the cooling shades andrefreshing waters of a great rock in a thirsty and weary land. It is like agreat tree under whose branches men from every clime can be shieldedfrom the burning rays of the sun.
98:5; 101:77. The principles of freedom enshrined in the Constitution belong to
 mankind, not just U.S. citizens.iii)
98:6. As members of the Church we should befriend that law which is constitutional.
What a noble word is
It says just enough and yet not too much. Infact, to say more or less than this in regard to the civil law
cometh of evil
 (98:7). The law is our friend, and we may, therefore, embrace it. We respect thelaw, but we do not worship it. Civil law is good, but it is not divine. It may be ourpartner, but it is not our deity.
101:80. The Lord
established the Constitution of this land, by the hands of wise men whom [he] raised up unto this very purpose
Joseph Smith, letter from Liberty Jail to the Church and Bishop Edward Partridge, 25 March 1839.
Stephen E. Robinson and H. Dean Garrett,
 A Commentary on the Doctrine and Covenants
(Deseret Book, 2004), 3:235
Even though they were inspired, Brigham Young taught that the founding documents were not perfect, and were open to
improvement: ―The signers of the Declaration of Independence and the frame
rs of the Constitution were inspired from on highto do that work. But was that which was given to them perfect, not admitting of any addition whatever? No; for if men know anything, they must know that the Almighty has never yet found a man in mortality that was capable, at the first intimation, at
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 98
99, 102, 106, 108, 134 Week 23, Page 3© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
101:78. He did this so that men would have moral agency and accountability.c)
Freedom and wise government.i)
How does
the Lord 
make us free?(1)
―…in the Garden of Eden, gave I unto man his agency‖
(Moses 7:32).(a)
 Agency is the power to think, choose, and act for ourselves, and be responsiblefor the choices we make (good
bad). It comes with endless opportunities,accompanied by responsibility and consequences.ii)
How does
the law
make us free?(1)
That sounds almost like a contradiction
freedom is often understood as being
by rules and laws.(2)
. Just laws create order in society by defining the boundaries of permissibleconduct.(a)
Traffic signals, for example, allow us to freely move about while maintainingpublic safety.(b)
Laws against dumping toxic waste protect the public from disease and injury.(3)
There are, unfortunately, unjust laws on the books.(a)
 Are we required to obey even unjust laws?(b)
Is civil disobedience ever necessary or justified?(c)
 When is it permissible to disobey the law?(d)
John Taylor:
The Gospel in its fulness places those who obey it, under its influences,while at the same time it does not relieve them from other obligations of aterrestrial nature. It is said in the Doctrine and Covenants, that he thatkeepeth the laws of God, hath no need to break the laws of the land. It isfurther explained in section 98, what is meant in relation to this. That alllaws which are constitutional must be obeyed, as follows: [
quotes D&C98:4
]That is taking this nation as an example, all laws that are proper andcorrect, and all obligations entered into which are not violative of theconstitution should be kept inviolate. But if they are violative of theconstitution, then the compact between the rulers and the ruled is brokenand the obligation ceases to be binding.
May we disobey 
law with which we disagree or which we do not believeis constitutional?(f)
How should we challenge a law that we believe is unconstitutional?
the first impulse, to receive anything in a state of entire perfection. They laid the foundation, and it was for after generations torear the superstructure upon it. It is a progressive
—a gradual work.‖ Brigham
Young, discourse in the Tabernacle, 4 July 1854.
 Journal of Discourses
7:14 (
John Taylor, remarks before the Salt Lake Stake high council, 20 February 1884.
). The context of President Taylor‘s remarks

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