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Maglev Wind Turbine

Maglev Wind Turbine

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Published by optimuslim

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Published by: optimuslim on May 05, 2010
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07/12/2013

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Page 1
Abstract
This paper presents an overview of the maglev wind turbine design features. A vertical axis windturbine (VAWT) is introduced by magnetic levitation technology to optimize the performance. Thesystem utilize nature of permanent magnet to levitate the turbine component and thus minimizeenergy losses while rotating, which is the major problem that faced by conventional wind turbine.The selection of magnet materials in the design of wind turbine system will be discussed.The Maglev
 
Wind Turbine is expected to bring wind power technology to the next level.Furthermore, the system can be suited in use for rural and urban areas of low wind speed regionssuch as Malaysia, the country which has low wind speed, approximately 1.5m/s to 2.0m/s. A modelof wind turbine is built to perform several tests such as starting wind speed, rotational speed atconstant wind speed, and time taken to stop rotation completely. The results obtained will becompared with the model of conventional wind turbine.
 
 
Page 2
CHAPTER 1
 
INTRODUCTION1.1 General
Human have invented thousand of machines and appliances that utilize energy to make the dailyworks easier, for instance to heat our house, to get ourselves from place to place. Some of thismachines use electricity, while others, like automobiles use the energy stored in gasoline. Much of the energy supply comes from coal, oil, natural gas, or radioactive element. In fact, all these naturalresource deposits took millions of years to form. They are considered non renewable which meansonce they are removed from the ground, they are not immediately replaced within the human timescale. This current issue is frequently discussed at the level of whole world in order to look for asolution. Nowadays, we will ultimately need to search for renewable or virtually inexhaustible energy for thehuman development to continue. Renewable energy is defined as the energy generated by thenatural resources such as wind, sun light, water which are quickly replace itself and is usually innever ending supply. The exploration of renewable energy is the only approach to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Among those renewable energy resources, wind energy is the onlyresource that will be concerned in this paper. Wind energy was first harvested centuries ago, whenearly windmills were used to power millstones, pumps, and forges. More recently, the wind isharnessed by using a special collector, called wind turbine to produce a clean, safe source of electricity.Various designs have been proposed in order to create a high efficient wind turbine which able togenerate maximum electric power. They may either the design of shapes of the turbine blades, the
 
 
Page 3
axis of rotation, and other useful modification. Recently, an advance technique, Magnetic Levitation(Maglev) is incorporated into turbine system in order to fulfill the needs of those energy industries.TheMaglevwind turbine, which was first unveiled at theWind Power Asiaexhibition in Beijing, is expected take wind power technology to the next level with magnetic levitation
.
The turbine uses permanent magnets (neodymium), not electromagnets and therefore, it does not require electricity torun. This design claims that the friction between the turbine blades and the base can be reducedsignificantly and thus produces maximum power output. This task can be a success by using pairs of  permanent magnet which attached to both the turbine blades and the fixed base of machine. Arepulsive force will be produced to lift the blades above the base. The turbine blades will belevitated instead of mounted them (using ball bearing) to the base of the machine. It will allow themto rotate with minimum friction and minimize the energy loss. This system can operate under low(as low as 1.5m/s) and high wind speed (exceeding 40m/s) condition. From the study, the generationcapacity of maglev wind turbine is 20% over conventional wind turbines and decrease operationalcosts by 50%
.
This make the efficiency of the system become higher than the conventional windturbine.
 
1.2 Objective
The objective of this report is to design a Maglev wind turbine to meet the following requirements1. Improve the starting wind speed2. Able to rotate with high speed3. Longer time to stop rotation completely

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