ArgumentationThe purpose of this rhetorical mode is to prove the validity of an idea, or pointof view, by presenting sound reasoning, discussion, and argument thatthoroughly convince the reader.Assonance Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximityAsyndetonCommas used (with no conjunction) to separate a series of words. The partsare emphasized equally when the conjunction is omitted; in addition, the use of commas with no intervening conjunction speeds up the flow of the sentence. X,Y, Z as opposed to X, Y, and Z.Attitude/Tonethe relationship an author has toward his or her subject, and/or his or her audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.AuthorityArguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with highly relevantexperience.Backing Support or evidence for a claim in an argumentBalancea situation in which all parts of the presentation are equal, whether insentences or paragraphs or sections of a longer work.Balanced sentenceOne in which two parallel elements are set off against each other like equalweights on a scale.Bathos a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.Begging the QuestionOften called circular reasoning; occurs when the believability of the evidencedepends on the believability of the claim.Cacophony Harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary word.Causal RelationshipWriter asserts that one thing results from another. To show how one thingproduces or brings about another is often relevant in establishing a logicalargument.Character those who carry out the action of the plot in literature. Major, minor, static, anddynamic are the types.ChiasmusArrangement of repeated thoughts in the pattern of X Y Y X. It is often shortand summarizes a main idea.ClassicismArt or literature characterized by a realistic view of people and the world; sticksto traditional themes and structures.Clause A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.Clichéa trite, stereotyped expression; a sentence or phrase, usually expressing apopular or common thought or idea, that has lost originality, ingenuity, andimpact by long overuseColloquialcharacteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar conversation rather thanformal speech or writing; informal.ColloquialismSlang in writing, used often to create local color and to provide an informaltone.