DC MOTOR & ITS TYPES
The construction of a d.c. motor is the same as a d.c. generator. The only difference is that in a generator the generated e.m.f. is greater than the terminal voltage, whereas in a motor the generated e.m.f. is less than the terminal voltage.D.C. motors are often used in power stations to drive emergency stand-by pumpsystems which come into operation to protect essential equipment and plantshould the normal a.c. supplies or pumps fail.
TYPES(a) Shunt wound motor(b) Series-wound motor(c) Compound wound motor(a) Shunt wound motor
In the shunt wound motor the field winding is in parallel with the armatureacross the supply. The two principal characteristics are the torque/armaturecurrent and speed/armature current relationships. From these, the torque/speedrelationship can be derived.
(b) Series-wound motor
In the series-wound motor the field winding is in series with the armature acrossthe supply. In a series motor, the armature current flows in the field winding andis equal to the supply current,
(c) Compound wound motor
There are two types of compound wound motor:(i)
, in which the series winding is so connectedthat the field due to it assists that due to the shunt winding.(ii)
, in which the series winding is so connectedthat the field due to it opposes that due to the shunt winding.