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UN HABITAT WAC Nepal South Asia Annual Report 2009

UN HABITAT WAC Nepal South Asia Annual Report 2009

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Published by UN-HABITAT Nepal

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Published by: UN-HABITAT Nepal on May 06, 2010
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05/14/2010

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Water fr Asian Cities Prgramme
ANNuAlREPoRT 2009
South ASiA
 
uN-hABitAt’S WAtER FoRASiAN CitiES PRoGRAMME
The UN-HABITAT’s Water or Asian Cities (WAC)Programme is a collaborative initiative between theUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme(UN-HABITAT), the Asian Development Bank (ADB)and governments o Asia. The programme wasocially launched at the Third World Water Forum(WWF) on 18 March, 2003, and a memorandum ounderstanding was signed between ADB and UN-HABITAT on the same day in Osaka, Japan. The rstAsian Ministerial Forum was held in Osaka, Japan, on19 March, 2003; participants adopted a ministerialdeclaration on the UN-HABITAT’s WAC Programme.The overall objective o the UN-HABITAT’s WACProgramme is to support partner countries inachieving their water and sanitation- relatedmillennium development goals (MDGs) or urbanareas. The Programme specically promotes:Pro-poor water and sanitation governance;Urban water conservation and demandmanagement;Integrated urban environmental sanitation; andIncome generation or the urban poor throughcommunity-based water and sanitation servicesThe UN-HABITAT’s WAC Programme works at thelocal, sub-national, national and regional levelsand seeks to achieve these our main objectives bymobilising political will; raising awareness throughadvocacy, inormation and education; providingtraining and capacity building; promoting newinvestments; demonstrating innovative approaches;and monitoring progress towards the achievemento MDGs. Gender mainstreaming, HIV/AIDS,capacity- building and advocacy are issues which cutacross all our objectives and all UN-HABITAT’s WACProgramme strategies.
WAtER ANd SANitAtioN tRuSt FuNd
On the occasion o World Habitat Day 2002, Mrs.Anna Tibaijuka, Under-Secretary-General o theUnited Nations and Executive Director o UN-HABITAT,launched the Water and Sanitation Trust Fund (WSTF).The overarching vision o the WSTF is to improvethe access o the poor to water supply and basicsanitation. Its goal is to acilitate the achievement oMDG 7, target 10, which proesses the aim to halveby 2015 the proportion o the population withoutsustainable access to sae drinking water and basicsanitation, or, more precisely, the achievemento the redenition o this goal issued at the 2002World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD):to reduce by one-hal the proportion o peoplewithout sustainable access to sae water and basicsanitation. In seeking to achieve this goal, the WSTFaims to create an enabling environment or pro-poorinvestment in water and sanitation in the cities odeveloping countries and to improve signicantly thevolume and eectiveness o overseas developmentassistance (ODA) fows.The und’s objective is to help developing countriesachieve sustainable access to sae drinking water andbasic sanitation or the poor, particularly those livingin urban areas. Specically, the und supports quick-impact initiatives in participating UN-HABITAT’s WACProgramme countries and helps secondary townsachieve their goals with respect to the provision owater and sanitation services. The WSTF has helpedUN-HABITAT to orge a strategic partnership with theADB designed to promote pro-poor investments inurban areas o Asia.
 
Contents
Overview O 2009 3PrO-POOr UrBAN wATer AND SANiTATiON GOverNANCe 7
nepal 7
Poty mappng 7insttutonalsaton o po-poo uban at and santaton gonanc 8Po-poo nancng o santaton 8
IndIa 8
Sustanabl wATSAN scs o th poo 8
UrBAN wATer DeMAND MANAGeMeNT 9
nepal 9
Communty-managd at supply n poo communts 9Managmnt o tadtonal ston spouts 10ranat hastng 10Suppot to th Lo-incom Consum Suppot Unt 11wat bottlng o th uban poo 11Suppot to at supply managmnt boads 11
IndIa 12
Plotng dstct-mtd aas, lak dtcton, habltaton and pa 12Communty-managd po-poo at pucaton schm 12Uban local catchmnt managmnt statgy 12Pomoton o rwH and goundat chag 12Gy at us and ootop anat hastng 12
iNTeGrATeD UrBAN eNvirONMeNTAL SANiTATiON iNiTiATiveS 13
nepal 13
insttutonal capacty-buldng o at and santaton us commtts n small tons 13Santaton mpomnt n poo communts o Htauda Muncpalty 14Santaton mpomnt n poo communts n Bhaatpu Muncpalty and Naayantol communty 14Sold ast managmnt 15Communty-basd ast managmnt n Htauda Muncpalty 15Tstng o th houshold-cntd nonmntal santaton appoach 15Santaton mpomnt pogamm n Lubhu vDC 16Ppaaton and mplmntaton o at and santaton mast plans 17Th Bagmat Acton Plan 17
IndIa 17
Slum nonmntal santaton ntat 17rhabltaton o communty tolts 18Sold ast managmnt 18Th post-sunam at and santaton constucton pojct 19intgatd uban santaton pogamms and cty santaton plans 19impod accss to at and santaton o Kos food-actd communts 19Sa dnkng at and santaton o schools 19
HUMAN vALUeS-BASeD wATer SANiTATiON AND HYGieNe eDUCATiON 20
nepal 20IndIa 21pakIstan 21

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